Groups of genes that are frequently observed in each other's genomic neighborhood.
Known metabolic pathways, protein complexes, signal transduction pathways, etc ... from curated databases.
Genes that are sometimes fused into single open reading frames.
STRING allows inspection of the interaction evidence for any given network. Choose any of the viewers above (disabled if not applicable in your network).
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
colored nodes: query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes: second shell of interactors
empty nodes: proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes: some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
from curated databases
Predicted protein (430 aa)
Predicted Functional Partners:
Predicted protein (380 aa)
Uncharacterized protein (659 aa)
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta; DNA-dependent RNA polymerase catalyzes the transcription of DNA into RNA using the four ribonucleoside triphosphates as substrates (1200 aa)
Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase; P5CS plays a key role in proline biosynthesis, leading to osmoregulation in plants; In the N-terminal section; belongs to the glutamate 5- kinase family (757 aa)
Predicted protein (469 aa)
Predicted protein (528 aa)
Predicted protein (440 aa)
annotation not available (434 aa)
annotation not available (776 aa)
Urease ; In the C-terminal section; belongs to the metallo- dependent hydrolases superfamily. Urease alpha subunit family (837 aa)