STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
a 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
caiFCai operon transcriptional activator; Potential transcriptional activator of carnitine metabolism. (131 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase small subunit, glutamine amidotransferase; Protein involved in arginine biosynthetic process and pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic process.
Carbamoyl-phosphate synthase large subunit; Protein involved in arginine biosynthetic process and pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic process; Belongs to the CarB family.
Chaperone Hsp40, DnaK co-chaperone; Interacts with DnaK and GrpE to disassemble a protein complex at the origins of replication of phage lambda and several plasmids. Participates actively in the response to hyperosmotic and heat shock by preventing the aggregation of stress-denatured proteins and by disaggregating proteins, also in an autonomous, DnaK-independent fashion. Unfolded proteins bind initially to DnaJ; upon interaction with the DnaJ-bound protein, DnaK hydrolyzes its bound ATP, resulting in the formation of a stable complex. GrpE releases ADP from DnaK; ATP binding to DnaK t [...]
Ribonucleoside hydrolase 3; Hydrolyzes both purine and pyrimidine ribonucleosides with a broad-substrate specificity with decreasing activity in the order uridine, xanthosine, inosine, adenosine, cytidine, guanosine.
carnitinyl-CoA dehydratase; Catalyzes the reversible dehydration of L-carnitinyl-CoA to crotonobetainyl-CoA.
Putative crotonobetaine/carnitine-CoA ligase; Catalyzes the transfer of CoA to carnitine, generating the initial carnitinyl-CoA needed for the CaiB reaction cycle. Also has activity toward crotonobetaine and gamma-butyrobetaine. Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family.
Crotonobetainyl CoA:carnitine CoA transferase; Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the CoA moiety from gamma-butyrobetainyl-CoA to L-carnitine to generate L-carnitinyl-CoA and gamma-butyrobetaine. Is also able to catalyze the reversible transfer of the CoA moiety from gamma-butyrobetainyl-CoA or L- carnitinyl-CoA to crotonobetaine to generate crotonobetainyl-CoA. Belongs to the CoA-transferase III family. CaiB subfamily.
Transcriptional repressor for the yiaKLMNO-lyxK-sgbHUE operon; Negatively controls the transcription of the yiaKLMNOPQRS operon, which may be involved in the utilization of 2,3-diketo-L- gulonate.
Putative transporter; Catalyzes the exchange of L-carnitine for gamma-butyrobetaine and related betaines.
Dihydrodipicolinate reductase; Catalyzes the conversion of 4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate (HTPA) to tetrahydrodipicolinate. Can use both NADH and NADPH as a reductant, with NADH being twice as effective as NADPH. Belongs to the DapB family.
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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