STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
pcnBPoly(a) polymerase i; Adds poly(A) tail to the 3' end of many RNAs, which usually targets these RNAs for decay. Plays a significant role in the global control of gene expression, through influencing the rate of transcript degradation, and in the general RNA quality control. Rho-independent transcription terminators may serve as polyadenylation signals. Seems to be involved in plasmid copy number control (465 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
pnp
Polynucleotide phosphorylase/polyadenylase; Involved in mRNA degradation. Catalyzes the phosphorolysis of single-stranded polyribonucleotides processively in the 3'- to 5'- direction. Also involved, along with RNase II, in tRNA processing. RNases II and R contribute to rRNA degradation during starvation, while RNase R and PNPase are the major contributors to quality control of rRNA during steady state growth
  
 
 0.994
hfq
Rna-binding protein hfq; RNA chaperone that binds small regulatory RNA (sRNAs) and mRNAs to facilitate mRNA translational regulation in response to envelope stress, environmental stress and changes in metabolite concentrations. Involved in the regulation of stress responses mediated by the sigma factors RpoS, sigma-E and sigma-32 . Binds with high specificity to tRNAs . Binds sRNA antitoxin RalA . In vitro, stimulates synthesis of long tails by poly(A) polymerase I . Required for RNA phage Qbeta replication . Seems to play a role in persister cell formation; upon overexpression decreas [...]
    
 
 0.985
folK
2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyldihydropteridine diphosphokinase; Belongs to the HPPK family
 
  
 0.953
gluQ
Glutamyl-q trna(asp) synthetase; Catalyzes the tRNA-independent activation of glutamate in presence of ATP and the subsequent transfer of glutamate onto tRNA(Asp). Glutamate is transferred on the 2-amino-5-(4,5-dihydroxy-2- cyclopenten-1-yl) moiety of the queuosine in position 34 of the tRNA(Asp), the wobble position of the QUC anticodon. Does not transfer glutamate to either tRNA(Glu) or tRNA(Gln). The incapacity of the glutamylated tRNA(Asp) to bind elongation factor Tu suggests that it is not involved in ribosomal protein biosynthesis
 
  
 0.948
dksA
Rna polymerase-binding transcription factor dksa; Transcription factor that acts by binding directly to the RNA polymerase (RNAP). Required for negative regulation of rRNA expression and positive regulation of several amino acid biosynthesis promoters. Also required for regulation of fis expression. Binding to RNAP disrupts interaction of RNAP with DNA, inhibits formation of initiation complexes, and amplifies effects of ppGpp and the initiating NTP on rRNA transcription. Inhibits transcript elongation, exonucleolytic RNA cleavage and pyrophosphorolysis, and increases intrinsic termina [...]
   
 0.938
rne
Endoribonuclease that plays a central role in RNA processing and decay. Required for the maturation of 5S and 16S rRNAs and the majority of tRNAs. Also involved in the degradation of most mRNAs. Can also process other RNA species, such as RNAI, a molecule that controls the replication of ColE1 plasmid, and the cell division inhibitor DicF- RNA. It initiates the decay of RNAs by cutting them internally near their 5'-end. It is able to remove poly(A) tails by an endonucleolytic process. Required to initiate rRNA degradation during both starvation and quality control; acts after RNase PH [...]
 
 
 0.892
rhlB
Atp-dependent rna helicase rhlb; DEAD-box RNA helicase involved in RNA degradation. Has RNA- dependent ATPase activity and unwinds double-stranded RNA
   
 
 0.892
rppH
Putative (di)nucleoside polyphosphate hydrolase; Master regulator of 5'-end-dependent mRNA decay . Accelerates the degradation of transcripts by removing pyrophosphate from the 5'-end of triphosphorylated RNA, leading to a more labile monophosphorylated state that can stimulate subsequent ribonuclease cleavage . Preferentially hydrolyzes diadenosine penta-phosphate with ATP as one of the reaction products . Also able to hydrolyze diadenosine hexa- and tetra-phosphate . Has no activity on diadenosine tri-phosphate, ADP-ribose, NADH and UDP-glucose . In an RNase PH (rph) wild-type strain [...]
 
  
 0.861
srmB
Atp-dependent rna helicase srmb; DEAD-box RNA helicase involved in the assembly of the 50S ribosomal subunit at low temperature. Exhibits RNA-stimulated ATP hydrolysis and RNA unwinding activity. Acts before DeaD
   
 
 0.827
rnr
Exoribonuclease r, rnase r; 3'-5' exoribonuclease that releases 5'-nucleoside monophosphates and is involved in maturation of structured RNAs (rRNAs, tRNAs and SsrA/tmRNA). In stationary phase, involved in the post- transcriptional regulation of ompA mRNA stability. Shortens RNA processively to di- and trinucleotides. In vitro, exhibits helicase activity, which is independent of its RNase activity. RNases 2 and R (rnb and this entry) contribute to rRNA degradation during starvation, while RNase R and PNPase (this entry and pnp) are the major contributors to quality control of rRNA duri [...]
  
 
 0.813
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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