STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
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Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
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[Homology]
Score
glnKNitrogen regulatory protein P-II 2; P-II indirectly controls the transcription of the glutamine synthetase gene (glnA). P-II prevents NR-II-catalyzed conversion of NR-I to NR-I-phosphate, the transcriptional activator of GlnA. When P-II is uridylylated to P-II-UMP, these events are reversed. When the ratio of Gln to 2-ketoglutarate decreases, P-II is uridylylated to P-II-UMP, which causes the deadenylation of glutamine synthetase by GlnE, so activating the enzyme (By similarity); Belongs to the P(II) protein family (112 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
amtB
Ammonia channel; Involved in the uptake of ammonia; Belongs to the ammonia transporter channel (TC 1.A.11.2) family
 
 0.999
glnL
Sensory histidine kinase/phosphatase NtrB; Member of the two-component regulatory system NtrB/NtrC, which controls expression of the nitrogen-regulated (ntr) genes in response to nitrogen limitation. Under conditions of nitrogen limitation, NtrB autophosphorylates and transfers the phosphoryl group to NtrC. In the presence of nitrogen, acts as a phosphatase that dephosphorylates and inactivates NtrC
  
 
 0.965
glnB
Nitrogen regulatory protein P-II 1; P-II indirectly controls the transcription of the glutamine synthetase gene (glnA). P-II prevents NR-II-catalyzed conversion of NR-I to NR-I-phosphate, the transcriptional activator of GlnA. When P-II is uridylylated to P-II-UMP, these events are reversed. When the ratio of Gln to 2-ketoglutarate decreases, P-II is uridylylated to P-II-UMP, which causes the deadenylation of glutamine synthetase by GlnE, so activating the enzyme; Belongs to the P(II) protein family
  
 
 
0.857
glnA
Glutamine synthetase; Catalyzes the ATP-dependent biosynthesis of glutamine from glutamate and ammonia
 
 
 0.840
gltB
Glutamate synthase [NADPH] large chain; Catalyzes the conversion of L-glutamine and 2- oxoglutarate into two molecules of L-glutamate
 
  
 0.829
glnD
Bifunctional uridylyltransferase/uridylyl-removing enzyme; Modifies, by uridylylation and deuridylylation, the PII regulatory proteins GlnB and GlnK, in response to the nitrogen status of the cell that GlnD senses through the glutamine level. Under low glutamine levels, catalyzes the conversion of the PII proteins and UTP to PII-UMP and PPi, while under higher glutamine levels, GlnD hydrolyzes PII-UMP to PII and UMP (deuridylylation). Thus, controls uridylylation state and activity of the PII proteins, and plays an important role in the regulation of nitrogen assimilation and metabolism
 
 
 0.821
glnG
DNA-binding transcriptional regulator NtrC; Member of the two-component regulatory system NtrB/NtrC, which controls expression of the nitrogen-regulated (ntr) genes in response to nitrogen limitation. Phosphorylated NtrC binds directly to DNA and stimulates the formation of open promoter- sigma54-RNA polymerase complexes. Activates transcription of many genes and operons whose products minimize the slowing of growth under nitrogen-limiting conditions, including genes coding for glutamine synthetase (glnA), transporters, amino acid permeases and catabolic enzymes
   
  
 0.780
nfsB
Oxygen-insensitive NAD(P)H nitroreductase; Reduction of a variety of nitroaromatic compounds using NADH (and to lesser extent NADPH) as source of reducing equivalents; two electrons are transferred. Capable of reducing nitrofurazone, quinones and the anti-tumor agent CB1954 (5- (aziridin-1-yl)-2,4-dinitrobenzamide). The reduction of CB1954 results in the generation of cytotoxic species
      
 0.755
nac
Nitrogen assimilation regulatory protein nac; Transcriptional activator for the hut, put and ure operons and repressor for the gdh and gltB operons in response to nitrogen limitation. Negative regulator of its own expression (By similarity)
   
  
 0.748
glnH
Glutamine-binding periplasmic protein; Involved in a glutamine-transport system GlnHPQ
   
  
 0.612
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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