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STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
sdhASuccinate dehydrogenase / fumarate reductase, flavoprotein subunit; Two distinct, membrane-bound, FAD-containing enzymes are responsible for the catalysis of fumarate and succinate interconversion; the fumarate reductase is used in anaerobic growth, and the succinate dehydrogenase is used in aerobic growth (588 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
sdhC
Succinate dehydrogenase / fumarate reductase, cytochrome b subunit; Membrane-anchoring subunit of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)
 0.999
sdhD
Succinate dehydrogenase / fumarate reductase, membrane anchor subunit; Membrane-anchoring subunit of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH)
 0.999
sdhB
Succinate:quinone oxidoreductase, iron-sulfur cluster binding protein; Two distinct, membrane-bound, FAD-containing enzymes are responsible for the catalysis of fumarate and succinate interconversion; the fumarate reductase is used in anaerobic growth, and the succinate dehydrogenase is used in aerobic growth
 
 0.999
sucC
Succinyl-CoA synthetase functions in the citric acid cycle (TCA), coupling the hydrolysis of succinyl-CoA to the synthesis of either ATP or GTP and thus represents the only step of substrate-level phosphorylation in the TCA. The beta subunit provides nucleotide specificity of the enzyme and binds the substrate succinate, while the binding sites for coenzyme A and phosphate are found in the alpha subunit. Can use either ATP or GTP, but prefers ATP. It can also function in the other direction for anabolic purposes, and this may be particularly important for providing succinyl-CoA during [...]
 
 0.999
sucD
Succinyl-coa synthetase, nad(p)-binding, alpha subunit; Succinyl-CoA synthetase functions in the citric acid cycle (TCA), coupling the hydrolysis of succinyl-CoA to the synthesis of either ATP or GTP and thus represents the only step of substrate-level phosphorylation in the TCA. The alpha subunit of the enzyme binds the substrates coenzyme A and phosphate, while succinate binding and nucleotide specificity is provided by the beta subunit. Can use either ATP or GTP, but prefers ATP. It can also function in the other direction for anabolic purposes, and this may be particularly importan [...]
 
 0.999
nuoC
Nadh:ubiquinone oxidoreductase, fused cd subunit; NDH-1 shuttles electrons from NADH, via FMN and iron-sulfur (Fe-S) centers, to quinones in the respiratory chain. The immediate electron acceptor for the enzyme in this species is believed to be ubiquinone. Couples the redox reaction to proton translocation (for every two electrons transferred, four hydrogen ions are translocated across the cytoplasmic membrane), and thus conserves the redox energy in a proton gradient
  
 
 0.997
frdB
Fumarate reductase (anaerobic), fe-s subunit; Two distinct, membrane-bound, FAD-containing enzymes are responsible for the catalysis of fumarate and succinate interconversion; the fumarate reductase is used in anaerobic growth, and the succinate dehydrogenase is used in aerobic growth
 
 0.997
fumA
Fumarate hydratase (fumarase a), aerobic class i; Catalyzes the reversible hydration of fumarate to (S)-malate. Functions as an aerobic enzyme in the direction of malate formation as part of the citric acid cycle. Accounts for about 80% of the fumarase activity when the bacteria grow aerobically. To a lesser extent, also displays D-tartrate dehydratase activity in vitro, but is not able to convert (R)-malate, L-tartrate or meso-tartrate. Can also catalyze the isomerization of enol- to keto-oxaloacetate
  
 
 0.995
sucA
2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase, thiamine triphosphate-binding; E1 component of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase (OGDH) complex which catalyzes the decarboxylation of 2-oxoglutarate, the first step in the conversion of 2-oxoglutarate to succinyl-CoA and CO(2)
 
 
 0.991
fumC
Fumarate hydratase (fumarase c),aerobic class ii; Involved in the TCA cycle. FumC seems to be a backup enzyme for FumA under conditions of iron limitation and oxidative stress . Catalyzes the stereospecific interconversion of fumarate to L-malate
  
 0.985
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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