STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
puuRRepresses puuA, puuD and puuP (185 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Involved in the breakdown of putrescine via hydrolysis of the gamma-glutamyl linkage of gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyrate.
Involved in the breakdown of putrescine via the biosynthesis of gamma-L-glutamylputrescine. It is able to use several diamines, spermidine and spermine. Absolutely essential to utilize putrescine as both nitrogen and carbon sources and to decrease the toxicity of putrescine, which can lead to inhibition of cell growth and protein synthesis
Catalyzes the oxidation of 3-hydroxypropionaldehyde (3-HPA) to 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP) . It acts preferentially with NAD but can also use NADP . 3-HPA appears to be the most suitable substrate for PuuC followed by isovaleraldehyde, propionaldehyde, butyraldehyde, and valeraldehyde . It might play a role in propionate and/or acetic acid metabolisms . Also involved in the breakdown of putrescine through the oxidation of gamma-Glu-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde to gamma-Glu-gamma-aminobutyrate (gamma-Glu-GABA) .
Involved in the breakdown of putrescine via the oxidation of L-glutamylputrescine
Involved in the uptake of putrescine.
Catalyzes the transfer of the amino group from gamma- aminobutyrate (GABA) to alpha-ketoglutarate (KG) to yield succinic semialdehyde (SSA). PuuE is important for utilization of putrescine as the sole nitrogen or carbon source
Acts both as a biotin--[acetyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase and a biotin-operon repressor. In the presence of ATP, BirA activates biotin to form the BirA-biotinyl-5'-adenylate (BirA-bio-5'-AMP or holoBirA) complex. HoloBirA can either transfer the biotinyl moiety to the biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, or bind to the biotin operator site and inhibit transcription of the operon. ECO:0000269|PubMed:2667763, ECO:0000269|PubMed:6129246,
Catalyzes the oxidation 4-aminobutanal (gamma- aminobutyraldehyde) to 4-aminobutanoate (gamma-aminobutyrate or GABA) . This is the second step in one of two pathways for putrescine degradation, where putrescine is converted into 4-aminobutanoate via 4-aminobutanal, which allows E.coli to grow on putrescine as the sole nitrogen source (PubMed:3510672, PubMed:22636776). Also functions as a 5-aminopentanal dehydrogenase in a a L-lysine degradation pathway to succinate that proceeds via cadaverine, glutarate and L-2-hydroxyglutarate . Can also oxidize n-alkyl medium-chain aldehydes, but wi [...]
annotation not available
Bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the epimerization of the S- and R-forms of NAD(P)HX and the dehydration of the S-form of NAD(P)HX at the expense of ADP, which is converted to AMP. This allows the repair of both epimers of NAD(P)HX, a damaged form of NAD(P)H that is a result of enzymatic or heat-dependent hydration.
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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