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STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
gadBGlutamate decarboxylase b, plp-dependent; Converts glutamate to gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA), consuming one intracellular proton in the reaction. The gad system helps to maintain a near-neutral intracellular pH when cells are exposed to extremely acidic conditions. The ability to survive transit through the acidic conditions of the stomach is essential for successful colonization of the mammalian host by commensal and pathogenic bacteria (466 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
gadC
Glutamate:gamma-aminobutyric acid antiporter; Involved in glutamate-dependent acid resistance. Imports glutamate inside the cell while simultaneously exporting to the periplasm the GABA produced by GadA and GadB. The gad system helps to maintain a near-neutral intracellular pH when cells are exposed to extremely acidic conditions. The ability to survive transit through the acidic conditions of the stomach is essential for successful colonization of the mammalian host by commensal and pathogenic bacteria
  
 0.999
gadA
Glutamate decarboxylase a, plp-dependent; Converts glutamate to gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA), consuming one intracellular proton in the reaction. The gad system helps to maintain a near-neutral intracellular pH when cells are exposed to extremely acidic conditions. The ability to survive transit through the acidic conditions of the stomach is essential for successful colonization of the mammalian host by commensal and pathogenic bacteria
  
0.999
nnr
Adp-dependent nad(p)h-hydrate dehydratase / nad(p)h-hydrate epimerase; Bifunctional enzyme that catalyzes the epimerization of the S- and R-forms of NAD(P)HX and the dehydration of the S-form of NAD(P)HX at the expense of ADP, which is converted to AMP. This allows the repair of both epimers of NAD(P)HX, a damaged form of NAD(P)H that is a result of enzymatic or heat-dependent hydration
  
    0.999
glsA
Glutaminase 1; Putative glutaminase; Protein involved in cellular amino acid catabolic process
 
 0.995
hdeA
Stress response protein acid-resistance protein; Required for optimal acid stress protection. Exhibits a chaperone-like activity only at pH below 3 by suppressing non- specifically the aggregation of denaturated periplasmic proteins. Important for survival of enteric bacteria in the acidic environment of the host stomach. Also promotes the solubilization at neutral pH of proteins that had aggregated in their presence at acidic pHs. May cooperate with other periplasmic chaperones such as DegP and SurA
 
 
 0.989
gadE
Luxr family transcriptional regulator, glutamate-dependent acid resistance regulator; Regulates the expression of several genes involved in acid resistance. Required for the expression of gadA and gadBC, among others, regardless of media or growth conditions. Binds directly to the 20 bp GAD box found in the control regions of both loci
   
  
 0.988
gabT
4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase / (S)-3-amino-2-methylpropionate transaminase / 5-aminovalerate transaminase; Pyridoxal phosphate-dependent enzyme that catalyzes transamination between primary amines and alpha-keto acids. Catalyzes the transfer of the amino group from gamma-aminobutyrate (GABA) to alpha-ketoglutarate (KG) to yield succinic semialdehyde (SSA) and glutamate . Thereby functions in a GABA degradation pathway that allows some E.coli strains to utilize GABA as a nitrogen source for growth . Also catalyzes the conversion of 5-aminovalerate to glutarate semialdehyde, as part [...]
  
 0.986
gltB
Glutamate synthase (nadph) large chain; Catalyzes the conversion of L-glutamine and 2-oxoglutarate into two molecules of L-glutamate
     
 0.977
puuE
4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase, PLP-dependent; Catalyzes the transfer of the amino group from gamma- aminobutyrate (GABA) to alpha-ketoglutarate (KG) to yield succinic semialdehyde (SSA). PuuE is important for utilization of putrescine as the sole nitrogen or carbon source
  
 0.976
hdeB
Required for optimal acid stress protection, which is important for survival of enteric bacteria in the acidic environment of the host stomach. Exhibits a chaperone-like activity at acidic pH by preventing the aggregation of many different periplasmic proteins
   
  
 0.971
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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