STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
iscUIron-sulfur cluster assembly scaffold protein IscU; A scaffold on which IscS assembles Fe-S clusters. Exists as 2 interconverting forms, a structured (S) and disordered (D) form. The D-state is the preferred substrate for IscS. Converts to the S-state when an Fe-S cluster is assembled, which helps it dissociate from IscS to transfer the Fe-S to an acceptor. It is likely that Fe-S cluster coordination is flexible as the role of this complex is to build and then hand off Fe-S clusters; Belongs to the NifU family (128 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Chaperone protein HscA; Chaperone involved in the maturation of iron-sulfur cluster-containing proteins. Has a low intrinsic ATPase activity which is markedly stimulated by HscB. Involved in the maturation of IscU
Co-chaperone protein HscB; Co-chaperone involved in the maturation of iron-sulfur cluster-containing proteins. Seems to help targeting proteins to be folded toward HscA
Cysteine desulfurase IscS; Master enzyme that delivers sulfur to a number of partners involved in Fe-S cluster assembly, tRNA modification or cofactor biosynthesis. Catalyzes the removal of elemental sulfur from cysteine to produce alanine. Functions as a sulfur delivery protein for Fe-S cluster synthesis onto IscU, an Fe-S scaffold assembly protein, as well as other S acceptor proteins. Preferentially binds to disordered IscU on which the Fe-S is assembled, IscU converts to the structured state and then dissociates from IscS to transfer the Fe-S to an acceptor protein. Also functions [...]
2Fe-2S ferredoxin; Ferredoxin are iron-sulfur proteins that transfer electrons in a wide variety of metabolic reactions. Although the function of this ferredoxin is unknown it is probable that it has a role as a cellular electron transfer protein. Involved in the in vivo assembly of the Fe-S clusters in a wide variety of iron- sulfur proteins
HTH-type transcriptional regulator IscR; Regulates the transcription of several operons and genes involved in the biogenesis of Fe-S clusters and Fe-S-containing proteins. Transcriptional repressor of the iscRSUA operon, which is involved in the assembly of Fe-S clusters into Fe-S proteins. In its apoform, under conditions of oxidative stress or iron deprivation, it activates the suf operon, which is a second operon involved in the assembly of Fe-S clusters. Represses its own transcription as well as that of toxin rnlA
Iron-binding protein IscA; Is able to transfer iron-sulfur clusters to apo- ferredoxin. Multiple cycles of [2Fe2S] cluster formation and transfer are observed, suggesting that IscA acts catalytically. Recruits intracellular free iron so as to provide iron for the assembly of transient iron-sulfur cluster in IscU in the presence of IscS, L-cysteine and the thioredoxin reductase system TrxA/TrxB; Belongs to the HesB/IscA family
Protein IscX; May function as iron donor in the assembly of iron- sulfur clusters
Fe/S biogenesis protein NfuA; Involved in iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis under severe conditions such as iron starvation or oxidative stress. Binds a 4Fe-4S cluster, can transfer this cluster to apoproteins, and thereby intervenes in the maturation of Fe/S proteins. Could also act as a scaffold/chaperone for damaged Fe/S proteins. Required for E.coli to sustain oxidative stress and iron starvation. Also necessary for the use of extracellular DNA as the sole source of carbon and energy; Belongs to the NfuA family
Iron-sulfur cluster insertion protein ErpA; Probably involved in the insertion of Fe-S clusters into apoproteins in vivo including IspG and/or IspH. Essential for growth under aerobic conditions and for anaerobic respiration but not for fermentation. In vitro it binds Fe-S clusters and transfers them to apo-IspG, which is involved in quinone biosynthesis among many other cell components. Experiments indicate that it is probably also involved in the insertion of other Fe-S clusters than IspG/IspH; Belongs to the HesB/IscA family
tRNA-specific 2-thiouridylase MnmA; Catalyzes the 2-thiolation of uridine at the wobble position (U34) of tRNA(Lys), tRNA(Glu) and tRNA(Gln), leading to the formation of s(2)U34, the first step of tRNA-mnm(5)s(2)U34 synthesis. Sulfur is provided by IscS, via a sulfur-relay system. Binds ATP and its substrate tRNAs
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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