close STRING Database User Survey
Please help us improve further — take a moment to fill our brief user survey.
 
STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
mazFToxic component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. A sequence-specific endoribonuclease it inhibits protein synthesis by cleaving mRNA and inducing bacterial stasis. It is stable, single- strand specific with mRNA cleavage independent of the ribosome, although translation enhances cleavage for some mRNAs . Cleavage occurs at the 5'-end of ACA sequences, yielding a 2',3'-cyclic phosphate and a free 5'-OH, although cleavage can also occur on the 3'-end of the first A Digests 16S rRNA in vivo 43 nts upstream of the C- terminus; this removes the anti-Shine-Dalgarno sequence forming [...] (111 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
mazE
Antitoxin component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. Labile antitoxin that binds to the MazF endoribonuclease toxin and neutralizes its endoribonuclease activity. Is considered to be an 'addiction' molecule as the cell dies in its absence. Toxicity results when the levels of MazE decrease in the cell, leading to mRNA degradation. This effect can be rescued by expression of MazE, but after 6 hours in rich medium the overexpression of MazF leads to programmed cell death. Cell growth and viability are not affected when MazF and MazE are coexpressed. Both MazE and MazE-MazF bind t [...]
 
 0.999
mazG
Nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase; Involved in the regulation of bacterial cell survival under conditions of nutritional stress. Regulates the type II MazE-MazF toxin-antitoxin (TA) system which mediates programmed cell death (PCD). This is achieved by lowering the cellular concentration of (p)ppGpp produced by RelA under amino acid starvation, thus protecting the cell from the toxicity of MazF. Reduction of (p)ppGpp can be achieved by direct degradation of (p)ppGpp or by degradation of NTPs, which are substrates for (p)ppGpp synthesis by RelA
  
 
 0.990
dinJ
Antitoxin/dna-binding transcriptional repressor dinj; Antitoxin component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system . A labile antitoxin that counteracts the effect of cognate toxin YafQ . YafQ and DinJ together bind their own promoter, and repress its expression . There are 2 operators with imperfect inverted repeats (IR) in the dinJ promoter, YafQ-(DinJ)2-YafQ only binds to the first (most upstream) of them to repress transcription; binding to a single IR is sufficient for activity in vivo and in vitro . DinJ alone is as potent a transcriptional repressor as the heterotetramer and als [...]
 
   
 0.956
relE
Toxic component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system . A sequence-specific, ribosome-dependent mRNA endoribonuclease that inhibits translation during amino acid starvation (the stringent response). In vitro acts by cleaving mRNA with high codon specificity in the ribosomal A site between positions 2 and 3. The stop codon UAG is cleaved at a fast rate while UAA and UGA are cleaved with intermediate and slow rates. In vitro mRNA cleavage can also occur in the ribosomal E site after peptide release from peptidyl- tRNA in the P site as well as on free 30S subunits . In vivo cuts freque [...]
 
   
 0.956
chpS
Antitoxin component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. May be involved in the regulation of cell growth. It acts as a suppressor of the endoribonuclease (inhibitory function) of ChpB protein. Both ChpS and ChpB probably bind to the promoter region of the chpS-chpB operon to autoregulate their synthesis
 
 
 
 0.951
yafQ
Mrna interferase toxin of toxin-antitoxin pair yafq/dinj; Toxic component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system . A sequence-specific mRNA endoribonuclease that inhibits translation elongation and induces bacterial stasis . Cleavage occurs between the second and third residue of the Lys codon followed by a G or A (5'AAA(G/A)3'), is reading-frame dependent and occurs within the 5' end of most mRNAs . Ribosome-binding confers the sequence specificity and reading frame- dependence . When overexpressed in liquid media YafQ partially inhibits protein synthesis, with a reduction in growth [...]
 
   
 0.947
yoeB
Toxic component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. Its mode of function is controversial; it has been proposed to be an mRNA interferase but also an inhibitor of translation initiation. When overproduced in wild-type cells, inhibits bacterial growth and translation by cleavage of mRNA molecules while it has a weak effect on colony forming ability. Overproduction of Lon protease specifically activates YoeB-dependent mRNA cleavage, leading to lethality. YefM binds to the promoter region of the yefM-yeoB operon to repress transcription, YeoB acts as a corepressor. Also shown in vit [...]
  
  
 0.939
yefM
Yefm antitoxin of the yoeb-yefm toxin-antitoxin pair and dna binding transcriptional repressor; Antitoxin component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. Antitoxin that counteracts the effect of the YoeB toxin. YefM binds to the promoter region of the yefM-yeoB operon to repress transcription, YeoB acts as a corepressor
  
   
 0.923
mqsR
Toxic component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system. Plays a significant role in the control of biofilm formation and induction of persister cells in the presence of antibiotics. An mRNA interferase which has been reported to be translation-independent . It has also been reported to be translation-dependent . Cleavage has been reported to occur on either side of G in the sequence GCU . Also reported to cleave after C in GC(A/U) sequences . There are only 14 genes in E.coli W3110 (and probably also MG1655) that do not have a GCU sequence and thus are resistant to the mRNA interfera [...]
  
   
 0.923
hipA
Toxic component of a type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) system, first identified by mutations that increase production of persister cells, a fraction of cells that are phenotypic variants not killed by antibiotics, which lead to multidrug tolerance Persistence may be ultimately due to global remodeling of the persister cell's ribosomes . Phosphorylates Glu-tRNA-ligase (AC P04805, gltX, on 'Ser-239') in vivo . Phosphorylation of GltX prevents it from being charged, leading to an increase in uncharged tRNA(Glu). This induces amino acid starvation and the stringent response via RelA/SpoT and in [...]
 
   
 0.921
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
Server load: low (14%) [HD]