STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
speBAgmatinase; Catalyzes the formation of putrescine from agmatine (306 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Ornithine decarboxylase isozyme; Protein involved in polyamine biosynthetic process
Biosynthetic arginine decarboxylase; Catalyzes the biosynthesis of agmatine from arginine; Belongs to the Orn/Lys/Arg decarboxylase class-II family. SpeA subfamily
Biodegradative arginine decarboxylase; ADC can be found in two forms: biodegradative and biosynthetic. The biodegradative form may play a role in regulating pH by consuming proteins; Belongs to the Orn/Lys/Arg decarboxylase class-I family
Polyamine aminopropyltransferase; Involved in the biosynthesis of polyamines which play a significant role in the structural and functional organization in the chromoid of E.coli by compacting DNA and neutralizing negative charges. Catalyzes the irreversible transfer (ping-pong mechanism) of a propylamine group from the amino donor S- adenosylmethioninamine (decarboxy-AdoMet) to putrescine (1,4- diaminobutane) to yield spermidine. Cadaverine (1,5- diaminopentane) and spermidine can also be used as the propylamine acceptor
Gamma-glutamylputrescine synthetase PuuA; Involved in the breakdown of putrescine via the biosynthesis of gamma-L-glutamylputrescine. It is able to use several diamines, spermidine and spermine. Absolutely essential to utilize putrescine as both nitrogen and carbon sources and to decrease the toxicity of putrescine, which can lead to inhibition of cell growth and protein synthesis; Belongs to the glutamine synthetase family
Spermidine N(1)-acetyltransferase; Involved in the protection against polyamine toxicity by regulating their concentration. Catalyzes the transfer of an acetyl group from acetyl coenzyme A (AcCoA) to the primary amino groups of spermidine to yield N(1)- and N(8)-acetylspermidine. It can also use polyamines such as spermine, but not putrescine
Putrescine aminotransferase; Catalyzes the aminotransferase reaction from putrescine to 2-oxoglutarate, leading to glutamate and 4-aminobutanal, which spontaneously cyclizes to form 1-pyrroline. Is also able to transaminate cadaverine and, in lower extent, spermidine, but not ornithine. Alpha-ketobutyrate and pyruvate can also act as amino acceptors, although much less efficiently
Inducible ornithine decarboxylase; Protein involved in polyamine biosynthetic process; Belongs to the Orn/Lys/Arg decarboxylase class-I family
Bifunctional protein PutA; Oxidizes proline to glutamate for use as a carbon and nitrogen source and also function as a transcriptional repressor of the put operon; In the C-terminal section; belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family
S-adenosylmethionine synthase; Catalyzes the formation of S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) from methionine and ATP. The overall synthetic reaction is composed of two sequential steps, AdoMet formation and the subsequent tripolyphosphate hydrolysis which occurs prior to release of AdoMet from the enzyme. Is essential for growth
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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