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STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
ilvMPseudogene, acetolactate synthase 2 large subunit, valine-insensitive; acetolactate synthase II, large subunit, cryptic, interrupted (87 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Acetolactate synthase/acetohydroxybutanoate synthase, catalytic subunit; Acetolactate synthase III, valine sensitive, large subunit
Acetolactate synthase I,valine-sensitive, large subunit; Belongs to the TPP enzyme family
Branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase; Acts on leucine, isoleucine and valine
Acetolactate synthase/acetohydroxybutanoate synthase, regulatory subunit; Belongs to the acetolactate synthase small subunit family
Belongs to the acetolactate synthase small subunit family
Ketol-acid reductoisomerase, nad(p)-binding; Involved in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). Catalyzes an alkyl-migration followed by a ketol-acid reduction of (S)-2-acetolactate (S2AL) to yield (R)-2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate. In the isomerase reaction, S2AL is rearranged via a Mg-dependent methyl migration to produce 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-2-ketobutyrate (HMKB). In the reductase reaction, this 2-ketoacid undergoes a metal-dependent reduction by NADPH to yield (R)-2,3-dihydroxy-isovalerate. Also able to use 2-ketopantoate, 2-ketoisovalerate, 2-ketovalerate, 2-ketobutyrate [...]
L-threonine dehydratase, biosynthetic; Catalyzes the anaerobic formation of alpha-ketobutyrate and ammonia from threonine in a two-step reaction. The first step involved a dehydration of threonine and a production of enamine intermediates (aminocrotonate), which tautomerizes to its imine form (iminobutyrate). Both intermediates are unstable and short-lived. The second step is the nonenzymatic hydrolysis of the enamine/imine intermediates to form 2- ketobutyrate and free ammonia. In the low water environment of the cell, the second step is accelerated by RidA
Dihydroxy-acid dehydratase; Enzyme; Amino acid biosynthesis: Isoleucine, Valine
3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase, NAD(+)-dependent; Catalyzes the oxidation of 3-carboxy-2-hydroxy-4- methylpentanoate (3-isopropylmalate) to 3-carboxy-4-methyl-2- oxopentanoate. The product decarboxylates to 4-methyl-2 oxopentanoate
Tartrate dehydrogenase/decarboxylase / d-malate dehydrogenase; Catalyzes the NAD(+)-dependent oxidative decarboxylation of D-malate into pyruvate. Is essential for aerobic growth on D-malate as the sole carbon source. But is not required for anaerobic D-malate utilization, although DmlA is expressed and active in those conditions. Appears to be not able to use L-tartrate as a substrate for dehydrogenation instead of D-malate
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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