STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
birABifunctional ligase/repressor BirA; Acts both as a biotin--[acetyl-CoA-carboxylase] ligase and a biotin-operon repressor. In the presence of ATP, BirA activates biotin to form the BirA-biotinyl-5'-adenylate (BirA-bio- 5'-AMP or holoBirA) complex. HoloBirA can either transfer the biotinyl moiety to the biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP) subunit of acetyl-CoA carboxylase, or bind to the biotin operator site and inhibit transcription of the operon (321 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Biotin synthase; Catalyzes the conversion of dethiobiotin (DTB) to biotin by the insertion of a sulfur atom into dethiobiotin via a radical- based mechanism; Belongs to the radical SAM superfamily. Biotin synthase family
ATP-dependent dethiobiotin synthetase BioD 1; Catalyzes a mechanistically unusual reaction, the ATP- dependent insertion of CO2 between the N7 and N8 nitrogen atoms of 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid (DAPA) to form an ureido ring. Only CTP can partially replace ATP while diaminobiotin is only 37% as effective as 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid; Belongs to the dethiobiotin synthetase family
8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase; Catalyzes the decarboxylative condensation of pimeloyl- [acyl-carrier protein] and L-alanine to produce 8-amino-7- oxononanoate (AON), [acyl-carrier protein], and carbon dioxide. Can also use pimeloyl-CoA instead of pimeloyl-ACP as substrate, but it is believed that pimeloyl-ACP rather than pimeloyl-CoA is the physiological substrate of BioF; Belongs to the class-II pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase family. BioF subfamily
UDP-N-acetylenolpyruvoylglucosamine reductase; Cell wall formation; Belongs to the MurB family
Biotin carboxyl carrier protein of acetyl-CoA carboxylase; This protein is a component of the acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase complex; first, biotin carboxylase catalyzes the carboxylation of the carrier protein and then the transcarboxylase transfers the carboxyl group to form malonyl-CoA
Adenosylmethionine-8-amino-7-oxononanoate aminotransferase; Catalyzes the transfer of the alpha-amino group from S- adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) to 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid (KAPA) to form 7,8-diaminopelargonic acid (DAPA). It is the only animotransferase known to utilize SAM as an amino donor; Belongs to the class-III pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent aminotransferase family. BioA subfamily
Biotin sulfoxide reductase; This enzyme may serve as a scavenger, allowing the cell to utilize biotin sulfoxide as a biotin source. It reduces a spontaneous oxidation product of biotin, D-biotin D-sulfoxide (BSO or BDS), back to biotin. Also exhibits methionine-(S)-sulfoxide (Met-S-SO) reductase activity, acting specifically on the (S) enantiomer in the free, but not the protein-bound form. It thus plays a role in assimilation of oxidized methionines
Acyl carrier protein; Carrier of the growing fatty acid chain in fatty acid biosynthesis; Belongs to the acyl carrier protein (ACP) family
Malonyl-[acyl-carrier protein] O-methyltransferase; Converts the free carboxyl group of a malonyl-thioester to its methyl ester by transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl- L-methionine (SAM). It allows to synthesize pimeloyl-ACP via the fatty acid synthetic pathway. E.coli employs a methylation and demethylation strategy to allow elongation of a temporarily disguised malonate moiety to a pimelate moiety by the fatty acid synthetic enzymes
Pimeloyl-[acyl-carrier protein] methyl ester esterase; The physiological role of BioH is to remove the methyl group introduced by BioC when the pimeloyl moiety is complete. It allows to synthesize pimeloyl-ACP via the fatty acid synthetic pathway through the hydrolysis of the ester bonds of pimeloyl-ACP esters. E.coli employs a methylation and demethylation strategy to allow elongation of a temporarily disguised malonate moiety to a pimelate moiety by the fatty acid synthetic enzymes. BioH shows a preference for short chain fatty acid esters (acyl chain length of up to 6 carbons) and s [...]
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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