STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
cadALysine decarboxylase, acid-inducible; Inducible lysine decarboxylase that catalyzes the proton- dependent decarboxylation of L-lysine to produce the polyamine cadaverine and carbon dioxide . Plays a role in pH homeostasis by consuming protons and neutralizing the acidic by- products of carbohydrate fermentation (715 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Hexameric aaa+ moxr family atpase, putative molecular chaperone; Functions as an ATPase. May play a role in metal insertion (metal-chelatase) or as a chaperone
Putative lysine/cadaverine transporter; Probable cadaverine/lysine antiporter or part of it
Spermidine synthase (putrescine aminopropyltransferase); Involved in the biosynthesis of polyamines which play a significant role in the structural and functional organization in the chromoid of E.coli by compacting DNA and neutralizing negative charges. Catalyzes the irreversible transfer (ping-pong mechanism) of a propylamine group from the amino donor S-adenosylmethioninamine (decarboxy-AdoMet) to putrescine (1,4-diaminobutane) to yield spermidine. Cadaverine (1,5-diaminopentane) and spermidine can also be used as the propylamine acceptor
Lysine decarboxylase 2, constitutive; Plays a role in lysine utilization by acting as a lysine decarboxylase
putrescine:2-oxoglutaric acid aminotransferase, PLP-dependent; Catalyzes the aminotransferase reaction from putrescine to 2- oxoglutarate, leading to glutamate and 4-aminobutanal, which spontaneously cyclizes to form 1-pyrroline This is the first step in one of two pathways for putrescine degradation, where putrescine is converted into 4- aminobutanoate (gamma-aminobutyrate or GABA) via 4-aminobutanal, which allows E.coli to grow on putrescine as the sole nitrogen source . Also functions as a cadaverine transaminase in a a L-lysine degradation pathway to succinate that proceeds via cad [...]
annotation not available
Diaminopimelate decarboxylase, plp-binding; Specifically catalyzes the decarboxylation of meso- diaminopimelate (meso-DAP) to L-lysine. Is not active against the DD- or LL-isomers of diaminopimelate
Dna-binding transcriptional activator cadc; Required for Pcad induction, a promoter upstream of cadBA that is responsible for the pH-regulated expression of CadA and CadB. Probably acts as an activating transcription factor
Putrescine:h(+) symporter/putrescine:ornithine antiporter pote; Catalyzes both the uptake and excretion of putrescine. The uptake of putrescine is dependent on the membrane potential and the excretion involves putrescine-ornithine antiporter activity
Proton-dependent oligopeptide transporter, pot family; Proton-dependent permease that transports di- and tripeptides. Shows significantly higher specificity towards dipeptides than tripeptides. Has a preference for dipeptides with a C-terminal Lys residue. Can bind Ala-Lys, Lys-Ala, Ala-Ala. Can also transport alanine and trialanine
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12 MG1655
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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