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ph-d protein (fruit fly) - STRING interaction network
"ph-d" - Polyhomeotic distal in Drosophila melanogaster
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second shell of interactors
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Known Interactions
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Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
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textmining
co-expression
protein homology
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ph-dPolyhomeotic distal (Ph-d) is a stoichiometric subunit of the Polycomb Repressive Complex 1. The complex silences a variety of genes involved in developmental patterning, regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and polarity. Together with its paralog ph-p, Ph-d is a tumor suppressor gene (1537 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Psc
Polycomb group protein Psc; Polycomb group (PcG) protein. PcG proteins act by forming multiprotein complexes, which are required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development. PcG proteins are not required to initiate repression, but to maintain it during later stages of development. Component of the PcG multiprotein PRC1 complex, a complex that acts via chromatin remodeling and modification of histones; it mediates monoubiquitination of histone H2A ’Lys-118’, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility. Needed to maintain e [...] (1601 aa)
     
  0.992
Sce
E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase RING1; E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase that mediates monoubiquitination of ’Lys-118’ of histone H2A, thereby playing a central role in histone code and gene regulation. H2A ’Lys-118’ ubiquitination gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression. Polycomb group (PcG) protein. PcG proteins act by forming multiprotein complexes, which are required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development. PcG proteins are not required to initiate repression, but to maintain it during later stages of development. PcG [...] (435 aa)
     
  0.991
Pc
Polycomb group protein Pc; Polycomb group (PcG) protein. PcG proteins act by forming multiprotein complexes, which are required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development. PcG proteins are not required to initiate repression, but to maintain it during later stages of development. Component of the PcG multiprotein PRC1 complex, a complex that acts via chromatin remodeling and modification of histones; it mediates monoubiquitination of histone H2A ’Lys-118’, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility. Promotes locus-specif [...] (390 aa)
     
  0.988
Su(z)2
Suppressor of zeste 2 regulates gene expression by modifying epigenetic marks. The gene is related to Psc and was orginally identified due to its ability to suppress transvection at z (1368 aa)
     
  0.987
Scm
Polycomb protein Scm; Polycomb group (PcG) protein. PcG proteins act by forming multiprotein complexes, which are required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development. PcG proteins are not required to initiate repression, but to maintain it during later stages of development. They probably act via the methylation of histones, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility; Belongs to the SCM family (877 aa)
       
0.985
pho
Polycomb protein PHO; Polycomb group (PcG) protein that binds to the 5’- CNGCCATNNNNG-3’ sequence found in the regulatory regions of many genes. PcG proteins act by forming multiprotein complexes, which are required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development. PcG proteins are not required to initiate repression, but to maintain it during later stages of development. They probably act via the methylation of histones, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility. Probably targets the Esc/E(z) complex to DNA. Necessary but no [...] (520 aa)
       
  0.962
ph-p
Polyhomeotic-proximal chromatin protein; Polycomb group (PcG) protein. PcG proteins act by forming multiprotein complexes, which are required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development. PcG proteins are not required to initiate repression, but to maintain it during later stages of development. Component of the PcG multiprotein PRC1 complex, a complex that acts via chromatin remodeling and modification of histones; it mediates monoubiquitination of histone H2A ’Lys-118’, rendering chromatin heritably changed in its expressibility. Plays a [...] (1589 aa)
     
0.948
E(z)
Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase E(z); Polycomb group (PcG) protein. Catalytic subunit of the Esc/E(z) complex, which methylates ’Lys-9’ and ’Lys-27’ of histone H3, leading to transcriptional repression of the affected target gene. While PcG proteins are generally required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development, this protein is specifically required during the first 6 hours of embryogenesis to establish the repressed state. The Esc/E(z) complex is necessary but not sufficient for the repression of homeotic target genes, suggesting [...] (765 aa)
         
  0.937
Su(z)12
Polycomb protein Su(z)12; Polycomb group (PcG) protein. While PcG proteins are generally required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development, this protein is specifically required during the first 6 hours of embryogenesis to establish the repressed state. Component of the Esc/E(z) complex, which methylates ’Lys-9’ (H3K9me) and ’Lys-27’ (H3K27me) of histone H3, leading to transcriptional repression of the affected target gene. The Esc/E(z) complex is necessary but not sufficient for the repression of homeotic target genes, suggesting that [...] (900 aa)
     
 
  0.933
esc
Polycomb protein esc; Polycomb group (PcG) protein. While PcG proteins are generally required to maintain the transcriptionally repressive state of homeotic genes throughout development, this protein is specifically required during the first 6 hours of embryogenesis to establish the repressed state. Component of the Esc/E(z) complex, which methylates ’Lys-9’ and ’Lys-27’ residues of histone H3, leading to transcriptional repression of the affected target gene. The Esc/E(z) complex is necessary but not sufficient for the repression of homeotic target genes, suggesting that the recruitme [...] (425 aa)
     
  0.930
Your Current Organism:
Drosophila melanogaster
NCBI taxonomy Id: 7227
Other names: D. melanogaster, Drosophila melanogaster, fruit fly
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