STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
TGM1Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase K; Catalyzes the cross-linking of proteins and the conjugation of polyamines to proteins. Responsible for cross- linking epidermal proteins during formation of the stratum corneum. Involved in cell proliferation; Belongs to the transglutaminase superfamily. Transglutaminase family (817 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
IVL
Involucrin; Part of the insoluble cornified cell envelope (CE) of stratified squamous epithelia; Belongs to the involucrin family
   
 
 0.971
CASP14
Caspase-14; Non-apoptotic caspase involved in epidermal differentiation. Is the predominant caspase in epidermal stratum corneum. Seems to play a role in keratinocyte differentiation and is required for cornification. Regulates maturation of the epidermis by proteolytically processing filaggrin (By similarity). In vitro has a preference for the substrate [WY]-X-X-D motif and is active on the synthetic caspase substrate WEHD-ACF. Involved in processing of prosaposin in the epidermis (By similarity). May be involved in retinal pigment epithelium cell barrier function. Involved in DNA deg [...]
     
 0.944
LOR
Loricrin; Major keratinocyte cell envelope protein; Cornified envelope precursor family
     
 0.914
NIPAL4
Nipa like domain containing 4; Magnesium transporter NIPA4; Acts as a Mg(2+) transporter. Can also transport other divalent cations such as Ba(2+), Mn(2+), Sr(2+) and Co(2+) but to a much less extent than Mg(2+) (By similarity). May be a receptor for ligands (trioxilins A3 and B3) from the hepoxilin pathway
   
  
 0.896
CXCL11
C-X-C motif chemokine 11; Chemotactic for interleukin-activated T-cells but not unstimulated T-cells, neutrophils or monocytes. Induces calcium release in activated T-cells. Binds to CXCR3. May play an important role in CNS diseases which involve T-cell recruitment. May play a role in skin immune responses; Belongs to the intercrine alpha (chemokine CxC) family
      
 0.895
KRT1
Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 1; May regulate the activity of kinases such as PKC and SRC via binding to integrin beta-1 (ITB1) and the receptor of activated protein C kinase 1 (RACK1). In complex with C1QBP is a high affinity receptor for kininogen-1/HMWK; Keratins, type II
      
 0.873
CSTA
Cystatin-a/b; Cystatin-A; This is an intracellular thiol proteinase inhibitor. Has an important role in desmosome-mediated cell-cell adhesion in the lower levels of the epidermis; Belongs to the cystatin family
   
 
 0.859
SPRR1B
Small proline rich protein 1b; Cornifin-B; Cross-linked envelope protein of keratinocytes. It is a keratinocyte protein that first appears in the cell cytosol, but ultimately becomes cross-linked to membrane proteins by transglutaminase. All that results in the formation of an insoluble envelope beneath the plasma membrane. Can function as both amine donor and acceptor in transglutaminase-mediated cross- linkage; Belongs to the cornifin (SPRR) family
   
 
 0.840
ABCA12
ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 12; Probable transporter involved in lipid homeostasis; Belongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCA family
   
  
 0.832
PPL
Periplakin; Component of the cornified envelope of keratinocytes. May link the cornified envelope to desmosomes and intermediate filaments. May act as a localization signal in PKB/AKT-mediated signaling; Belongs to the plakin or cytolinker family
   
 
 0.820
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, human, man
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