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APLF APLF NHEJ1 NHEJ1 PRKDC PRKDC LIG4 LIG4 XRCC6 XRCC6 XRCC4 XRCC4 XRCC5 XRCC5 ATM ATM PNKP PNKP MRE11A MRE11A RAD50 RAD50
"XRCC4" - X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 4 in Homo sapiens
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Predicted Interactions
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textmining
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protein homology
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XRCC4X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 4; Involved in DNA non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. Binds to DNA and to DNA ligase IV (LIG4). The LIG4-XRCC4 complex is responsible for the NHEJ ligation step, and XRCC4 enhances the joining activity of LIG4. Binding of the LIG4-XRCC4 complex to DNA ends is dependent on the assembly of the DNA-dependent protein kinase complex DNA-PK to these DNA ends (336 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
LIG4
Ligase IV, DNA, ATP-dependent; Efficiently joins single-strand breaks in a double- stranded polydeoxynucleotide in an ATP-dependent reaction. Involved in DNA non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. The LIG4-XRCC4 complex is responsible for the NHEJ ligation step, and XRCC4 enhances the joining activity of LIG4. Binding of the LIG4-XRCC4 complex to DNA ends is dependent on the assembly of the DNA- dependent protein kinase complex DNA-PK to these DNA ends (911 aa)
       
  0.999
NHEJ1
Nonhomologous end-joining factor 1; DNA repair protein involved in DNA nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break (DSB) repair and V(D)J recombination. May serve as a bridge between XRCC4 and the other NHEJ factors located at DNA ends, or may participate in reconfiguration of the end bound NHEJ factors to allow XRCC4 access to the DNA termini. It may act in concert with XRCC6/XRCC5 (Ku) to stimulate XRCC4-mediated joining of blunt ends and several types of mismatched ends that are noncomplementary or partially complementary (PubMed-16439204, PubMed-16439205, PubM [...] (299 aa)
     
  0.998
PRKDC
Protein kinase, DNA-activated, catalytic polypeptide; Serine/threonine-protein kinase that acts as a molecular sensor for DNA damage. Involved in DNA non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break (DSB) repair and V(D)J recombination. Must be bound to DNA to express its catalytic properties. Promotes processing of hairpin DNA structures in V(D)J recombination by activation of the hairpin endonuclease artemis (DCLRE1C). The assembly of the DNA-PK complex at DNA ends is also required for the NHEJ ligation step. Required to protect and align broken ends of DNA. May als [...] (4127 aa)
       
  0.998
XRCC6
X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 6; Single-stranded DNA-dependent ATP-dependent helicase. Has a role in chromosome translocation. The DNA helicase II complex binds preferentially to fork-like ends of double-stranded DNA in a cell cycle-dependent manner. It works in the 3’-5’ direction. Binding to DNA may be mediated by XRCC6. Involved in DNA non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. The XRCC5/6 dimer acts as regulatory subunit of the DNA-dependent protein kinase complex DNA-PK by increasing the [...] (609 aa)
       
  0.992
XRCC5
X-ray repair complementing defective repair in Chinese hamster cells 5 (double-strand-break rejoining); Single-stranded DNA-dependent ATP-dependent helicase. Has a role in chromosome translocation. The DNA helicase II complex binds preferentially to fork-like ends of double-stranded DNA in a cell cycle-dependent manner. It works in the 3’-5’ direction. Binding to DNA may be mediated by XRCC6. Involved in DNA non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) required for double-strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. The XRCC5/6 dimer acts as regulatory subunit of the DNA-dependent protein kinase [...] (732 aa)
     
  0.992
APLF
Aprataxin and PNKP like factor; Nuclease involved in single-strand and double-strand DNA break repair. Recruited to sites of DNA damage through interaction with poly(ADP-ribose), a polymeric post-translational modification synthesized transiently at sites of chromosomal damage to accelerate DNA strand break repair reactions. Displays apurinic- apyrimidinic (AP) endonuclease and 3’-5’ exonuclease activities in vitro. Also able to introduce nicks at hydroxyuracil and other types of pyrimidine base damage (511 aa)
     
  0.983
ATM
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated; Serine/threonine protein kinase which activates checkpoint signaling upon double strand breaks (DSBs), apoptosis and genotoxic stresses such as ionizing ultraviolet A light (UVA), thereby acting as a DNA damage sensor. Recognizes the substrate consensus sequence [ST]-Q. Phosphorylates ’Ser-139’ of histone variant H2AX/H2AFX at double strand breaks (DSBs), thereby regulating DNA damage response mechanism. Also plays a role in pre-B cell allelic exclusion, a process leading to expression of a single immunoglobulin heavy chain allele to enforce clonality and [...] (3056 aa)
         
  0.982
PNKP
Polynucleotide kinase 3’-phosphatase; Plays a key role in the repair of DNA damage, functioning as part of both the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) and base excision repair (BER) pathways. Through its two catalytic activities, PNK ensures that DNA termini are compatible with extension and ligation by either removing 3’-phosphates from, or by phosphorylating 5’-hydroxyl groups on, the ribose sugar of the DNA backbone (521 aa)
       
  0.976
RAD50
RAD50 homolog (S. cerevisiae); Component of the MRN complex, which plays a central role in double-strand break (DSB) repair, DNA recombination, maintenance of telomere integrity and meiosis. The complex possesses single-strand endonuclease activity and double-strand- specific 3’-5’ exonuclease activity, which are provided by MRE11A. RAD50 may be required to bind DNA ends and hold them in close proximity. This could facilitate searches for short or long regions of sequence homology in the recombining DNA templates, and may also stimulate the activity of DNA ligases and/or restrict the n [...] (1312 aa)
     
 
  0.975
MRE11A
MRE11 meiotic recombination 11 homolog A (S. cerevisiae); Component of the MRN complex, which plays a central role in double-strand break (DSB) repair, DNA recombination, maintenance of telomere integrity and meiosis. The complex possesses single-strand endonuclease activity and double-strand- specific 3’-5’ exonuclease activity, which are provided by MRE11A. RAD50 may be required to bind DNA ends and hold them in close proximity. This could facilitate searches for short or long regions of sequence homology in the recombining DNA templates, and may also stimulate the activity of DNA li [...] (708 aa)
         
  0.974
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, Homo, Homo sapiens, human, man
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