STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
a 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
cspDCold-shock protein, molecular chaperone, RNA-helicase co-factor; Evidence 1a: Function experimentally demonstrated in the studied strain; Product type f: factor. (66 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Chaperonin small subunit; Binds to Cpn60 in the presence of Mg-ATP and suppresses the ATPase activity of the latter; Belongs to the GroES chaperonin family.
Non-specific DNA-binding protein HBsu; Histone-like DNA-binding protein which is capable of wrapping DNA to stabilize it, and thus to prevent its denaturation under extreme environmental conditions. Binds evenly across chromosome, does not display a preference for AT content.
Polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase); Involved in mRNA degradation. Catalyzes the phosphorolysis of single-stranded polyribonucleotides processively in the 3'- to 5'- direction. Necessary for competence development in Bacillus subtilis. May be necessary for modification of the srfA transcript (stabilization or translation activation).
Ribosomal protein S15 (BS18); One of the primary rRNA binding proteins, it binds directly to 16S rRNA where it helps nucleate assembly of the platform of the 30S subunit by binding and bridging several RNA helices of the 16S rRNA.
Acyl carrier protein; Carrier of the growing fatty acid chain in fatty acid biosynthesis; Belongs to the acyl carrier protein (ACP) family.
Prolyl isomerase (trigger factor); Involved in protein export. Acts as a chaperone by maintaining the newly synthesized protein in an open conformation. Functions as a peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (By similarity). Belongs to the FKBP-type PPIase family. Tig subfamily.
ATP-dependent RNA helicase; DEAD-box RNA helicase that plays a role in 70S ribosome assembly. May work in conjunction with the cold shock proteins to ensure proper initiation of transcription at low and optimal temperatures.
Ribonuclease R; 3'-5' exoribonuclease that releases 5'-nucleoside monophosphates and is involved in maturation of structured RNAs.
ATP-dependent RNA helicase; The most abundant DEAD-box RNA helicase. An ATP-dependent RNA helicase with RNA-dependent ATPase activity. May work in conjunction with the cold shock proteins to ensure proper initiation of transcription at low and optimal temperatures. In vitro, unwinds dsRNA in both 5'- and 3'- directions. Plays a role in ribosomal 50S subunit assembly. Its deletion leads to changes in mRNA levels for over 200 transcripts.
Conserved hypothetical protein; Evidence 4: Homologs of previously reported genes of unknown function.
Your Current Organism:
Bacillus subtilis 168
NCBI taxonomy Id: 224308
Other names: B. subtilis subsp. subtilis str. 168, Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis 168, Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis str. 168, Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis str. BGSC 1A700
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