STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
a 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurrence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
mdhMalate dehydrogenase; Catalyzes the reversible oxidation of malate to oxaloacetate. (312 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
icd
Isocitrate dehydrogenase; Evidence 1a: Function experimentally demonstrated in the studied strain; Product type e: enzyme.
 
 
 0.999
citZ
Citrate synthase II; Might regulate the synthesis and function of enzymes involved in later enzymatic steps of Krebs cycle. Loss in activity results in sporulation defect; Belongs to the citrate synthase family.
  
 0.998
fumC
Fumarate hydratase; Involved in the TCA cycle. Catalyzes the stereospecific interconversion of fumarate to L-malate; Belongs to the class-II fumarase/aspartase family. Fumarase subfamily.
  
 0.997
citA
Citrate synthase I; Might regulate the synthesis and function of enzymes involved in later enzymatic steps of Krebs cycle. Loss in activity results in sporulation defect; Belongs to the citrate synthase family.
  
 0.982
mmgD
2-methylcitrate synthase/citrate synthase III; Involved in both the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) and methylcitric acid cycles. Has both 2-methylcitrate synthase and citrate synthase activities. Catalyzes the condensation of propionyl-CoA and oxaloacetate to yield 2-methylcitrate (2-MC) and CoA, and the condensation of acetyl-CoA and oxaloacetate to yield citrate and CoA. Has 2.3-fold higher activity as a 2-methylcitrate synthase. Catalyzes the formation of either (2S,3R)- or (2R,3S)-2-methylcitrate.
  
 0.982
pycA
Pyruvate carboxylase; Catalyzes a 2-step reaction, involving the ATP-dependent carboxylation of the covalently attached biotin in the first step and the transfer of the carboxyl group to pyruvate in the second, leading to oxaloacetate production. Fulfills an anaplerotic function in B.subtilis as it is necessary for growth on glucose, but is not required for sporulation.
  
 0.978
ytsJ
NADP-dependent malic enzyme (conversion of malate into pyruvate); Evidence 1a: Function experimentally demonstrated in the studied strain; Product type e: enzyme.
  
 0.975
pckA
Phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase; Involved in the gluconeogenesis. Catalyzes the conversion of oxaloacetate (OAA) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) through direct phosphoryl transfer between the nucleoside triphosphate and OAA.
  
 
 0.969
mleA
NAD-dependent malic enzyme (conversion of malate into pyruvate); Evidence 1a: Function experimentally demonstrated in the studied strain; Product type e: enzyme.
  
 0.967
maeA
NAD-dependent malic enzyme (conversion of malate into pyruvate); Evidence 1a: Function experimentally demonstrated in the studied strain; Product type e: enzyme.
  
 0.959
Your Current Organism:
Bacillus subtilis 168
NCBI taxonomy Id: 224308
Other names: B. subtilis subsp. subtilis str. 168, Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis 168, Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis str. 168, Bacillus subtilis subsp. subtilis str. BGSC 1A700
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