STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
FLO9Flocculation protein FLO9; Lectin-like protein with similarity to Flo1p; thought to be expressed and involved in flocculation; Belongs to the flocculin family (1322 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Flocculation protein FLO11; GPI-anchored cell surface glycoprotein (flocculin); required for pseudohyphal and invasive growth, flocculation, and biofilm formation; major determinant of colony morphology; transcription regulated by the MAPK pathway (Ste12p and Tec1p) and the cAMP pathway (Flo8p); required for formation of fibrous interconnections between cells of a wild strain; role in co-flocculation with other yeast species; cleaved and shed from cells, contributing to their surface properties; Belongs to the flocculin family. Highly divergent
Anchorage subunit of a-agglutinin of a-cells; highly O-glycosylated protein with N-terminal secretion signal and C-terminal signal for addition of GPI anchor to cell wall, linked to adhesion subunit Aga2p via two disulfide bonds; AGA1 has a paralog, FIG2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Flocculation suppression protein; Transcriptional repressor and activator; involved in repression of flocculation-related genes, and activation of stress responsive genes; has direct role in INO1 transcriptional memory; negatively regulated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A subunit Tpk2p; premature stop codon (C1430T, Q477-stop) in SK1 background is linked to the aggressively invasive phenotype of SK1 relative to BY4741 (S288C)
Maltose fermentation regulatory protein MAL13; MAL-activator protein; part of complex locus MAL1; nonfunctional in genomic reference strain S288C
Transcription activator MSS11; Transcription factor; involved in regulation of invasive growth and starch degradation; controls the activation of FLO11 and STA2 in response to nutritional signals; forms a heterodimer with Flo8p that interacts with the Swi/Snf complex during transcriptional activation of FLO1, FLO11, and STA1
Flocculation protein FLO5; Lectin-like cell wall protein (flocculin) involved in flocculation; binds mannose chains on the surface of other cells, confers floc-forming ability that is chymotrypsin resistant but heat labile; important for co-flocculation with other yeasts, mediating interaction with specific species; FLO5 has a paralog, FLO1, that arose from a segmental duplication; Belongs to the flocculin family
Transposon Ty2-LR1 Gag-Pol polyprotein; Retrotransposon TYA Gag and TYB Pol genes; transcribed/translated as one unit; polyprotein is processed to make a nucleocapsid-like protein (Gag), reverse transcriptase (RT), protease (PR), and integrase (IN); similar to retroviral genes
Uncharacterized protein YMR317W; Putative protein of unknown function; has some similarity to sialidase from Trypanosoma; YMR317W is not an essential gene
General alpha-glucoside permease; High-affinity maltose transporter (alpha-glucoside transporter); inducible; encoded in the MAL1 complex locus; broad substrate specificity that includes maltotriose; required for isomaltose utilization
Cell wall mannoprotein; has similarity to Tir1p, Tir2p, Tir3p, and Tir4p; expressed under anaerobic conditions, completely repressed during aerobic growth; Belongs to the SRP1/TIP1 family
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: ATCC 18824, Candida robusta, NRRL Y-12632, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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