STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
GLK1Glucokinase-1; Glucokinase; catalyzes the phosphorylation of glucose at C6 in the first irreversible step of glucose metabolism; one of three glucose phosphorylating enzymes; expression regulated by non-fermentable carbon sources; GLK1 has a paralog, EMI2, that arose from the whole genome duplication; Belongs to the hexokinase family (500 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Hexokinase-1; Hexokinase isoenzyme 1; a cytosolic protein that catalyzes phosphorylation of glucose during glucose metabolism; expression is highest during growth on non-glucose carbon sources; glucose-induced repression involves hexokinase Hxk2p; HXK1 has a paralog, HXK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Hexokinase-2; Hexokinase isoenzyme 2; phosphorylates glucose in cytosol; predominant hexokinase during growth on glucose; represses expression of HXK1, GLK1, induces expression of its own gene; antiapoptotic; phosphorylation/dephosphorylation at Ser14 by kinase Snf1p, phosphatase Glc7p-Reg1p regulates nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of Hxk2p; functions downstream of Sit4p in control of cell cycle, mitochondrial function, oxidative stress resistance, chronological lifespan; has paralog HXK1
Phosphoglucomutase; catalyzes the conversion from glucose-1-phosphate to glucose-6-phosphate, which is a key step in hexose metabolism; functions as the acceptor for a Glc-phosphotransferase; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; PGM2 has a paralog, PGM1, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Neutral trehalase, degrades trehalose; required for thermotolerance and may mediate resistance to other cellular stresses; phosphorylated and activated by Cdc28p at the G1/S phase transition to coordinately regulate carbohydrate metabolism and the cell cycle; inhibited by Dcs1p; NTH1 has a paralog, NTH2, that arose from the whole genome duplication; Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 37 family
Putative glucokinase-2; Non-essential protein of unknown function; required for transcriptional induction of the early meiotic-specific transcription factor IME1; required for sporulation; expression regulated by glucose-repression transcription factors Mig1/2p; EMI2 has a paralog, GLK1, that arose from the whole genome duplication; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
Glycolytic enzyme phosphoglucose isomerase; catalyzes the interconversion of glucose-6-phosphate and fructose-6-phosphate; required for cell cycle progression and completion of the gluconeogenic events of sporulation
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase; key regulatory enzyme in the gluconeogenesis pathway, required for glucose metabolism; undergoes either proteasome-mediated or autophagy-mediated degradation depending on growth conditions; glucose starvation results in redistribution to the periplasm; interacts with Vid30p; Belongs to the FBPase class 1 family
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD); catalyzes the first step of the pentose phosphate pathway; involved in adapting to oxidative stress; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; homolog of human G6PD which is deficient in patients with hemolytic anemia; human G6PD can complement yeast zwf1 null mutant
Nicotinamidase that converts nicotinamide to nicotinic acid; part of the NAD(+) salvage pathway; required for life span extension by calorie restriction; lacks a peroxisomal targeting signal but is imported into peroxisomes via binding to Gpd1p; PNC1 expression responds to all known stimuli that extend replicative life span; protein increases in abundance and relative distribution to cytoplasmic foci decreases upon DNA replication stress
Beta-fructofuranosidase suc2; Invertase; sucrose hydrolyzing enzyme; a secreted, glycosylated form is regulated by glucose repression, and an intracellular, nonglycosylated enzyme is produced constitutively; Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 32 family
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: ATCC 18824, Candida robusta, NRRL Y-12632, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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