KAR4 protein (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - STRING interaction network
"KAR4" - Transcription factor required for response to pheromones in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Predicted Interactions
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Gene Fusion
KAR4Transcription factor required for response to pheromones; also required during meiosis; exists in two forms, a slower-migrating form more abundant during vegetative growth and a faster-migrating form induced by pheromone; May assist STE12 in the pheromone-dependent expression of KAR3 and CIK1. Also required for meiosis (335 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Probable mRNA N6-adenosine methyltransferase required for entry into meiosis; transcribed in diploid cells; haploids repress IME4 transcription via production of antisense IME4 transcripts; antisense transcription is repressed in diploids; Catalytic component of the MIS complex, a complex that mediates N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation on some mRNAs during meiosis and is required for sporulation. M6A, which takes place on the adenosine of 5’-[AG]GAC-3’ consensus sites of some mRNAs, is probably required to initiate sporulation. Positive regulator for IME2 (600 aa)
Membrane protein localized to the shmoo tip, required for cell fusion; expression regulated by mating pheromone; proposed to coordinate signaling, fusion, and polarization events required for fusion; potential Cdc28p substrate; Required for cell fusion. Negatively regulates Sho1p signaling to ensure efficient cell fusion (512 aa)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) involved in signal transduction pathways that control filamentous growth and pheromone response; the KSS1 gene is nonfunctional in S288C strains and functional in W303 strains; Together with closely related FUS3, KSS1 is the final kinase in the signal transduction cascade regulating activation/repression of the mating and filamentation pathways, induced by pheromone and nitrogen/carbon limitation, respectively. Phosphorylated KSS1 activates both pathways, whereas activated FUS3 activates the mating but suppresses the filamentation pathway. KSS1 a [...] (368 aa)
Evolutionarily conserved subunit of the CCR4-NOT complex involved in controlling mRNA initiation, elongation and degradation; binds Cdc39p; Acts as component of the CCR4-NOT core complex, which in the nucleus seems to be a general transcription factor, and in the cytoplasm the major mRNA deadenylase involved in mRNA turnover (373 aa)
Anchorage subunit of a-agglutinin of a-cells, highly O-glycosylated protein with N-terminal secretion signal and C-terminal signal for addition of GPI anchor to cell wall, linked to adhesion subunit Aga2p via two disulfide bonds; Cell wall anchoring subunit of the a-agglutinin heterodimer. S.cerevisiae a and alpha cells express the complementary cell surface glycoproteins a-agglutinin and alpha- agglutinin, respectively, which interact with one another to promote cellular aggregation during mating (725 aa)
Transcription factor that is activated by a MAPK signaling cascade; activates genes involved in mating or pseudohyphal/invasive growth pathways; cooperates with Tec1p transcription factor to regulate genes specific for invasive growth; Binds to the DNA sequence mediating pheromone induction (called the pheromone response element = PRE) which is found in the upstream control region of several a-, alpha- and haploid- specific genes. Involved in mating of haploids and in pseudohyphae formation in diploids (688 aa)
Basic leucine zipper transcription factor of the ATF/CREB family; forms a complex with Tup1p and Cyc8p to both activate and repress transcription; cytosolic and nuclear protein involved in osmotic and oxidative stress responses; Binds to the CRE motif 5’-TGACGTCA-3’ and acts as a repressor of transcription of the SUC2 gene and most probably other genes (647 aa)
GTPase-activating protein for Gpa1p, regulates desensitization to alpha factor pheromone; also required to prevent receptor-independent signaling of the mating pathway; member of the RGS (regulator of G-protein signaling) family; Desensitization to alpha-factor pheromone. Is involved in regulating the signaling pathway for responding to mating pheromone (698 aa)
Kinesin-associated protein required for both karyogamy and mitotic spindle organization, interacts stably and specifically with Kar3p and may function to target this kinesin to a specific cellular role; has similarity to Vik1p; A developmentally regulated protein important for microtubule functions. Targets KAR3 to the cytoplasmic microtubules during mating. Essential for KAR3 function during prophase of meiosis I. Required for interhomolog recombination, synapsis of homologous chromosomes and establishment of a meiosis I spindle (594 aa)
Transcription factor targeting filamentation genes and Ty1 expression; Ste12p activation of most filamentation gene promoters depends on Tec1p and Tec1p transcriptional activity is dependent on its association with Ste12p; binds to TCS elements upst /.../f filamentation genes, which are regulated by Tec1p/Ste12p/Dig1p complex; competes with Dig2p for binding to Ste12p/Dig1p; positive regulator of chronological life span; TEA/ATTS DNA-binding domain family member; TEC1 is involved in the activation of TY1 and TY1- mediated gene expression. It is not involved in mating or sporulation processes (486 aa)
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: Candida robusta, Pachytichospora, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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