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ATG9 protein (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - STRING interaction network
"ATG9" - Transmembrane protein involved in forming Cvt and autophagic vesicles in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Predicted Interactions
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ATG9Transmembrane protein involved in forming Cvt and autophagic vesicles; cycles between the phagophore assembly site (PAS) and other cytosolic punctate structures, not found in autophagosomes; may be involved in membrane delivery to the PAS; Involved in autophagy and cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) vesicle formation. Plays a key role in the organization of the preautophagosomal structure/phagophore assembly site (PAS), the nucleating site for formation of the sequestering vesicle. Required for mitophagy. Cycles between the PAS and the cytoplasmic vesicle pool and may participate in [...] (997 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
VPS30
Subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3-kinase complexes I and II; Complex I is essential in autophagy and Complex II is required for vacuolar protein sorting; ortholog of the higher eukaryotic gene Beclin 1; Required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), autophagy, nucleophagy, and mitophagy, as a part of the autophagy- specific VPS34 PI3-kinase complex I. This complex is essential to recruit the ATG8-phosphatidylinositol conjugate and the ATG12-ATG5 conjugate to the pre-autophagosomal structure. Also involved in endosome-to-Golgi retrograde transport as part of the VPS34 PI3- [...] (557 aa)
     
  0.998
ATG18
Phosphoinositide binding protein required for vesicle formation in autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; binds both phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-bisphosphate and phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate; WD-40 repeat protein; The PI(3,5)P2 regulatory complex regulates both the synthesis and turnover of phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P2). May negatively regulate FAB1 activity by sequestering or masking VAC7 from FAB1. Necessary for proper vacuole morphology. Plays an important role in osmotically-induced vacuole fragmentation. Required for cytoplasm to [...] (500 aa)
     
 
  0.995
VPS15
Myristoylated serine/threonine protein kinase involved in vacuolar protein sorting; functions as a membrane-associated complex with Vps34p; active form recruits Vps34p to the Golgi membrane; interacts with the GDP-bound form of Gpa1p; Serine/threonine-protein kinase required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy as a part of the autophagy-specific VPS34 PI3-kinase complex I. This complex is essential to recruit the ATG8-phosphatidylinositol conjugate and the ATG12-ATG5 conjugate to the pre-autophagosomal structure. Is also involved in endosome-to-Golgi retrograde trans [...] (1454 aa)
     
 
  0.993
ATG1
Protein ser/thr kinase required for vesicle formation in autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; structurally required for phagophore assembly site formation; during autophagy forms a complex with Atg13p and Atg17p; Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and found to be essential in autophagy, where it is required for the formation of autophagosomes. Involved in the clearance of protein aggregates which cannot be efficiently cleared by the proteasome. Required for selective autophagic degradation of the nucleus (nucl [...] (897 aa)
     
 
  0.991
VPS34
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase responsible for the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate; forms membrane-associated signal transduction complex with Vps15p to regulate protein sorting; activated by the GTP-bound form of Gpa1p; Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy as a part of the autophagy- specific VPS34 PI3-kinase complex I. This complex is essential to recruit the ATG8-phosphatidylinositol conjugate and the ATG12-ATG5 conjugate to the pre-autophagosomal structure. Also involved in endosome-to-Golgi retrograde transport [...] (875 aa)
     
  0.990
ATG13
Regulatory subunit of the Atg1p signaling complex; stimulates Atg1p kinase activity; required for vesicle formation during autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; involved in Atg9p, Atg23p, and Atg27p cycling; Activates the ATG1 kinase in a nutritional condition dependent manner through the TOR pathway, leading to autophagy. Required for autophosphorylation of ATG1 at ’Thr-226’ and its dimerization. May also be involved in the regulation of autophagy through SNF1. Involved in ATG9 and ATG23 cycling through the pre- autophagosomal structure. Also involved in cyto [...] (738 aa)
     
 
  0.990
ATG11
Adapter protein for pexophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; directs receptor-bound cargo to the phagophore assembly site (PAS) for packaging into vesicles; required for recruiting other proteins to the (PAS); Involved in cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), pexophagy, mitophagy and nucleophagy. Recruits mitochondria for their selective degradation via autophagy (mitophagy) during starvation, through its interaction with ATG32. Works as scaffold proteins that recruit ATG proteins to the pre-autophagosome (PAS), the site of vesicle/autophagosome formation. Requir [...] (1178 aa)
     
 
  0.989
ATG2
Peripheral membrane protein required for vesicle formation during autophagy, pexophagy, and the cytoplasm-to-vaucole targeting (Cvt) pathway; involved in Atg9p cycling between the phagophore assembly site and mitochondria; Required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) vesicle and autophagosome completion. Necessary for the localization of ATG18 to the preautophagosomal structure (PAS) and the binding of ATG18 to ATG9. Involved in correct ATG9 trafficking through the preautophagosomal structure and in peroxisome degradation. ATG2 is the most downstream ATG protein in the preautophag [...] (1592 aa)
     
 
  0.987
ATG7
Autophagy-related protein and dual specificity member of the E1 family of ubiquitin-activating enzymes; mediates the conjugation of Atg12p with Atg5p and Atg8p with phosphatidylethanolamine, required steps in autophagosome formation; E1-like activating enzyme involved in the 2 ubiquitin- like systems required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Activates ATG12 for its conjugation with ATG5 and ATG8 for its conjugation with phosphatidylethanolamine. Both systems are needed for the ATG8 association to Cvt vesicles and autophagosomes membranes. Autophagy is essential f [...] (630 aa)
     
 
  0.987
ATG23
Peripheral membrane protein required for the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway and efficient macroautophagy; cycles between the phagophore assembly site (PAS) and non-PAS locations; forms a complex with Atg9p and Atg27p; Required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) vesicle formation and efficient autophagy. Plays a role in ATG protein retrieval from the pre-autophagosomal structure (PAS) and is especially required for autophagy-dependent cycling of ATG9. Plays also a role in regulation of filamentous growth (453 aa)
       
 
  0.986
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: Candida robusta, Pachytichospora, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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