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ATG31 protein (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - STRING interaction network
"ATG31" - Autophagy-specific protein required for autophagosome formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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ATG31Autophagy-specific protein required for autophagosome formation; may form a complex with Atg17p and Atg29p that localizes other proteins to the pre-autophagosomal structure; high-copy suppressor of CIK1 deletion; Plays a role in starvation-induced autophagy. Involved in mitophagy. Functions with ATG17 and ATG29 at the preautophagosomal structure (PAS) in order to form normal autophagosomes under starvation conditions. May be involved in microtubule function, such as chromosome segregation and karyogamy (196 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
ATG29
Autophagy-specific protein that is required for recruitment of other ATG proteins to the pre-autophagosomal structure (PAS); interacts with Atg17p and localizas to the PAS in a manner interdependent with Atg17p and Cis1p; not conserved; Plays a role in autophagy. Functions at the preautophagosomal structure (PAS) in order to form normal autophagosomes under starvation conditions. Plays also a role in mitophagy and regulation of filamentous growth (213 aa)
       
 
  0.996
ATG17
Scaffold protein responsible for phagophore assembly site organization; regulatory subunit of an autophagy-specific complex that includes Atg1p and Atg13p; stimulates Atg1p kinase activity; human ortholog RB1CC1/FIP200 interacts with p53, which inhi /.../utophagy in human cells; Autophagy-specific protein that functions with ATG13, ATG29, and CIS1/ATG31 in response to autophagy-inducing signals as a scaffold to recruit other ATG proteins to organize pre- autophagosomal structure (PAS) formation. Modulates the timing and magnitude of the autophagy response, such as the size of the seque [...] (417 aa)
       
 
  0.993
ATG11
Adapter protein for pexophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; directs receptor-bound cargo to the phagophore assembly site (PAS) for packaging into vesicles; required for recruiting other proteins to the (PAS); Involved in cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), pexophagy, mitophagy and nucleophagy. Recruits mitochondria for their selective degradation via autophagy (mitophagy) during starvation, through its interaction with ATG32. Works as scaffold proteins that recruit ATG proteins to the pre-autophagosome (PAS), the site of vesicle/autophagosome formation. Requir [...] (1178 aa)
       
 
  0.946
ATG1
Protein ser/thr kinase required for vesicle formation in autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; structurally required for phagophore assembly site formation; during autophagy forms a complex with Atg13p and Atg17p; Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and found to be essential in autophagy, where it is required for the formation of autophagosomes. Involved in the clearance of protein aggregates which cannot be efficiently cleared by the proteasome. Required for selective autophagic degradation of the nucleus (nucl [...] (897 aa)
       
 
  0.941
ATG13
Regulatory subunit of the Atg1p signaling complex; stimulates Atg1p kinase activity; required for vesicle formation during autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; involved in Atg9p, Atg23p, and Atg27p cycling; Activates the ATG1 kinase in a nutritional condition dependent manner through the TOR pathway, leading to autophagy. Required for autophosphorylation of ATG1 at ’Thr-226’ and its dimerization. May also be involved in the regulation of autophagy through SNF1. Involved in ATG9 and ATG23 cycling through the pre- autophagosomal structure. Also involved in cyto [...] (738 aa)
       
 
  0.904
CIK1
Kinesin-associated protein required for both karyogamy and mitotic spindle organization, interacts stably and specifically with Kar3p and may function to target this kinesin to a specific cellular role; has similarity to Vik1p; A developmentally regulated protein important for microtubule functions. Targets KAR3 to the cytoplasmic microtubules during mating. Essential for KAR3 function during prophase of meiosis I. Required for interhomolog recombination, synapsis of homologous chromosomes and establishment of a meiosis I spindle (594 aa)
       
 
  0.874
ATG12
Conserved ubiquitin-like modifier involved in autophagy and the Cvt pathway; conjugated to Atg5p to form a complex involved in Atg8p lipidation; Atg12p-Atg5p also forms a complex with Atg16p that is required for autophagosome formation; Ubiquitin-like protein involved in cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), autophagy vesicles formation, mitophagy, and nucleophagy. Conjugation with ATG5 through a ubiquitin-like conjugating system involving also ATG7 as an E1-like activating enzyme and ATG10 as an E2-like conjugating enzyme, is essential for its function. The ATG12-ATG5 conjugate acts a [...] (186 aa)
       
 
  0.798
ATG9
Transmembrane protein involved in forming Cvt and autophagic vesicles; cycles between the phagophore assembly site (PAS) and other cytosolic punctate structures, not found in autophagosomes; may be involved in membrane delivery to the PAS; Involved in autophagy and cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) vesicle formation. Plays a key role in the organization of the preautophagosomal structure/phagophore assembly site (PAS), the nucleating site for formation of the sequestering vesicle. Required for mitophagy. Cycles between the PAS and the cytoplasmic vesicle pool and may participate in [...] (997 aa)
           
  0.794
ATG8
Component of autophagosomes and Cvt vesicles; undergoes conjugation to phosphatidylethanolamine (PE); Atg8p-PE is anchored to membranes, is involved in phagophore expansion, and may mediate membrane fusion during autophagosome formation; Ubiquitin-like modifier involved in cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) vesicles and autophagosomes formation. With ATG4, mediates the delivery of the vesicles and autophagosomes to the vacuole via the microtubule cytoskeleton. Required for selective autophagic degradation of the nucleus (nucleophagy) as well as for mitophagy which contributes to regu [...] (117 aa)
     
   
  0.777
ATG2
Peripheral membrane protein required for vesicle formation during autophagy, pexophagy, and the cytoplasm-to-vaucole targeting (Cvt) pathway; involved in Atg9p cycling between the phagophore assembly site and mitochondria; Required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) vesicle and autophagosome completion. Necessary for the localization of ATG18 to the preautophagosomal structure (PAS) and the binding of ATG18 to ATG9. Involved in correct ATG9 trafficking through the preautophagosomal structure and in peroxisome degradation. ATG2 is the most downstream ATG protein in the preautophag [...] (1592 aa)
       
 
  0.771
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: Candida robusta, Pachytichospora, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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