STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
SDH4Succinate dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] cytochrome b small subunit, mitochondrial; Membrane anchor subunit of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH); involved in coupling the oxidation of succinate to the transfer of electrons to ubiquinone as part of the TCA cycle and the mitochondrial respiratory chain; has similarity to human SDH subunit D (SDHD), which is implicated in paraganglioma (181 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Subunit of succinate dehydrogenase and of TIM22 translocase; functions as cytochrome b subunit of succinate dehydrogenase, which couples oxidation of succinate to transfer of electrons to ubiquinone as part of the TCA cycle and the mitochondrial respiratory chain; also required for mitochondrial inner membrane protein import as part of the TIM22 complex; SDH3 has a paralog, SHH3, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Flavoprotein subunit of succinate dehydrogenase; couples the oxidation of succinate to the transfer of electrons to ubiquinone as part of the TCA cycle and the mitochondrial respiratory chain; FAD binding to Sdh1p is required for the assembly of the succinate dehydrogenase subunits; mutations in human ortholog SDHA are associated with Leigh syndrome
Iron-sulfur protein subunit of succinate dehydrogenase; the complex couples the oxidation of succinate to the transfer of electrons to ubiquinone as part of the TCA cycle and the mitochondrial respiratory chain; other members are Sdh1p, Sdh3p, and Sdh4p
Ubiquinol-cytochrome-c reductase; a Rieske iron-sulfur protein of the mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 complex; transfers electrons from ubiquinol to cytochrome c1 during respiration; during import, Rip1p is first imported into the mitochondrial matrix where it is processed, acquires its Fe-S cluster, and is folded, then is translocated into the inner membrane by the action of a homo-oligomer of Bcs1p, and finally is delivered by Bcs1p to Complex III for assembly
Fumarate hydratase, mitochondrial; Fumarase; converts fumaric acid to L-malic acid in the TCA cycle; cytosolic and mitochondrial distribution determined by the N-terminal targeting sequence, protein conformation, and status of glyoxylate shunt; phosphorylated in mitochondria; Belongs to the class-II fumarase/aspartase family. Fumarase subfamily
Rotenone-insensitive NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase, mitochondrial; NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase; transfers electrons from NADH to ubiquinone in respiratory chain but does not pump protons, in contrast to higher eukaryotic multisubunit respiratory complex I; upon apoptotic stress, is activated in mitochondria by N-terminal cleavage, then translocates to cytoplasm to induce apoptosis; homolog of human AIFM2; yeast NDI1 complements several phenotypes of human cell line with mutated MT-ND4, implicated in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy
Cytochrome b-c1 complex subunit 1, mitochondrial; Core subunit of the ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex; the ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase complex (bc1 complex) is a component of the mitochondrial inner membrane electron transport chain
Ubiquinol--cytochrome-c reductase catalytic subunit cyt1; Cytochrome c1, heme protein, mitochondrial; Cytochrome c1; component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain; expression is regulated by the heme-activated, glucose-repressed Hap2p/3p/4p/5p CCAAT-binding complex
Putative mitochondrial inner membrane protein of unknown function; although similar to paralogous Sdh3p, Shh3p is not a stoichiometric subunit of either succinate dehydrogenase or of the TIM22 translocase; SHH3 has a paralog, SDH3, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Dihydrolipoyl transsuccinylase; component of the mitochondrial alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex, which catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of alpha-ketoglutarate to succinyl-CoA in the TCA cycle; phosphorylated
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: ATCC 18824, Candida robusta, NRRL Y-12632, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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