STRINGSTRING
HKR1 protein (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - STRING interaction network
"HKR1" - Mucin family member that functions as an osmosensor in the Sho1p-mediated HOG pathway with Msb2p in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
HKR1Mucin family member that functions as an osmosensor in the Sho1p-mediated HOG pathway with Msb2p; proposed to be a negative regulator of filamentous growth; mutant displays defects in beta-1,3 glucan synthesis and bud site selection; Plasma membrane signaling mucin that promotes activation of the MAPK for the filamentous growth pathway. May regulate beta- glucan synthesis. Overexpression provides resistance to HM-1 killer toxin (1802 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
SHO1
Transmembrane osmosensor involved in activation of the Cdc42p- and MAP kinase-dependent filamentous growth pathway and the high-osmolarity glycerol response pathway; phosphorylated by Hog1p; interacts with Pbs2p, Msb2p, Hkr1p, and Ste11p; Plasma membrane osmosensor that activates the high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) MAPK signaling pathway in response to high osmolarity. Detects changes in external osmolarity and activates PBS2 through the stimulation of STE11 and targets PBS2 to the plasma membrane. PBS2 activation leads to changes in glycerol production that helps to balance the intrace [...] (367 aa)
       
 
  0.916
CDC42
Small rho-like GTPase, essential for establishment and maintenance of cell polarity; mutants have defects in the organization of actin and septins; Involved in development of cell polarity during the cell division cycle, and essential for bud emergence. Affects signaling in the pheromone-response pathway through the STE20 protein kinase. Negatively regulated by the GTPase-activating proteins RGA1, BEM3, and BEM4 (191 aa)
         
  0.899
MSB2
Mucin family member involved in the Cdc42p- and MAP kinase-dependent filamentous growth signaling pathway; also functions as an osmosensor in parallel to the Sho1p-mediated pathway; potential Cdc28p substrate; Plasma membrane signaling mucin that promotes activation of the MAPK for the filamentous growth pathway. Partially redundant with the SHO1 osmosensing branch for the activation of STE11 (1306 aa)
     
 
0.875
OPY2
Integral membrane protein that functions in the signaling branch of the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway; interacts with Ste50p; overproduction blocks cell cycle arrest in the presence of mating pheromone; Component of the high-osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway involved in mating response and osmotolerance. May act as a membrane anchor for the STE50/STE11 complex (360 aa)
       
 
  0.855
STE50
Protein involved in mating response, invasive/filamentous growth, and osmotolerance, acts as an adaptor that links G protein-associated Cdc42p-Ste20p complex to the effector Ste11p to modulate signal transduction; Involved in growth arrest during conjugation. May interact with the G protein alpha subunit (346 aa)
       
 
  0.811
PBS2
MAP kinase kinase of the HOG signaling pathway; activated under severe osmotic stress; mitophagy-specific regulator; plays a role in regulating Ty1 transposition; Kinase involved in a signal transduction pathway that is activated by changes in the osmolarity of the extracellular environment. Seems to phosphorylate HOG1 on a tyrosine residue (668 aa)
       
 
  0.790
AHK1
Putative protein of unknown function; YDL073W is not an essential gene (984 aa)
       
 
  0.788
STE11
Signal transducing MEK kinase involved in pheromone response and pseudohyphal/invasive growth pathways where it phosphorylates Ste7p, and the high osmolarity response pathway, via phosphorylation of Pbs2p; regulated by Ste20p and Ste50p; Serine/threonine protein kinase required for cell-type- specific transcription and signal transduction in yeast. It is thought that it phosphorylates the STE7 protein kinase which itself, phosphorylates the FUS3 and or KSS1 kinases (717 aa)
       
 
  0.752
HOG1
Mitogen-activated protein kinase involved in osmoregulation; acts via three independent osmosensors; mitophagy-specific regulator; mediates the recruitment and activation of RNA Pol II at Hot1p-dependent promoters; localization regulated by Ptp2p an /.../p; Mitogen-activated protein kinase involved in a signal transduction pathway that is activated by changes in the osmolarity of the extracellular environment. Controls osmotic regulation of transcription via the stress response element (STRE) in promoters of target genes. Upon osmotic shock, associates with the SKO1-SSN6-TUP1 complex, [...] (435 aa)
       
 
  0.742
STE20
Cdc42p-activated signal transducing kinase of the PAK (p21-activated kinase) family; involved in pheromone response, pseudohyphal/invasive growth, vacuole inheritance, down-regulation of sterol uptake; GBB motif binds Ste4p; MAP4K component of the MAPK pathway required for the mating pheromone response, haploid invasive growth and diploid pseudohyphal development. Links the pheromone response G-protein beta gamma subunits to downstream signaling components. Needed for mating in haploid cells, induction of a mating-specific gene FUS1, induction of mating-specific morphologies, and phero [...] (939 aa)
       
 
  0.722
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: Candida robusta, Pachytichospora, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
Server load: low (7%) [HD]