STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
GRX4Monothiol glutaredoxin-4; Glutathione-dependent oxidoreductase; hydroperoxide and superoxide-radical responsive; monothiol glutaredoxin subfamily member along with Grx3p and Grx5p; protects cells from oxidative damage; with Grx3p, binds to Aft1p in iron-replete conditions, promoting its dissociation from promoters; mutant has increased aneuploidy tolerance; transcription regulated by Yap5p; GRX4 has a paralog, GRX3, that arose from the whole genome duplication (244 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
BolA-like protein 2; Cytosolic protein involved in repression of iron regulon transcription; forms an iron-independent complex with Fra1p, Grx3p, and Grx4p; null mutant fails to repress the iron regulon and is sensitive to nickel; sequence similarity to human BOLA family member, BOLA2; Belongs to the BolA/IbaG family
Component of the cytosolic Fe-S protein assembly (CIA) machinery; contains an Fe-S cluster that receives electrons from NADPH via the action of Tah18p in an early step in the CIA pathway; ortholog of human Ciapin1; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress; inviability of the null mutant is functionally complemented by human CIAPIN1; Belongs to the anamorsin family
BolA-like protein 1; Mitochondrial matrix protein involved in Fe-S cluster biogenesis; facilitates [4Fe-2S] cluster inception into mitochondrial proteins such as lipoate synthase and succinate dehydrogenase; interacts and may function with Grx5p at an early step in Fe-S cluster biosynthesis; forms dimeric complexes with Grx5p and Nfu1p that alter the stability of shared Fe/S clusters; sequence similarity to human BOLA family member, BOLA1 and S. pombe uvi31, a putative DNA repair protein
Protein kinase; component of the EKC/KEOPS complex with Kae1p, Cgi121p, Pcc1p, and Gon7p; Pyrococcus Bud32 ortholog functions as a P-loop ATPase rather than a protein kinase in the context of the complex; EKC/KEOPS complex is required for t6A tRNA modification and telomeric TG1-3 recombination; may have role in transcription; mutation is functionally complemented by human TP53RK
Iron-regulated transcriptional activator AFT1; Transcription factor involved in iron utilization and homeostasis; binds consensus site PyPuCACCCPu and activates transcription in response to changes in iron availability; in iron-replete conditions localization is regulated by Grx3p, Grx4p, and Fra2p, and promoter binding is negatively regulated via Grx3p-Grx4p binding; AFT1 has a paralog, AFT2, that arose from the whole genome duplication; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress
BolA-like protein 3; Protein involved in Fe-S cluster transfer to mitochondrial clients; protects [4Fe-4S] clusters from damage due to oxidative stress by acting along with Nfu1p at a late step in the transfer of [4Fe-4S] clusters from the ISA complex to mitochondrial client proteins like lipoate synthase and succinate dehydrogenase; sequence similarity to human BOLA family member, BOLA3, mutations of which are associated with Multiple Mitochondria Dysfunctions Syndrome (MMDS2)
Putative Xaa-Pro aminopeptidase FRA1; Protein involved in negative regulation of iron regulon transcription; forms an iron independent complex with Fra2p, Grx3p, and Grx4p; cytosolic; mutant fails to repress transcription of iron regulon and is defective in spore formation; Belongs to the peptidase M24B family
Cytosolic Fe-S cluster assembly factor NAR1; Subunit of the cytosolic iron-sulfur (FeS) protein assembly machinery; required for maturation of cytosolic and nuclear FeS proteins and for normal resistance to oxidative stress; deficiency results in shortened lifespan and sensitivity to paraquat; homologous to human Narf
Iron-sulfur assembly protein 1; Protein required for maturation of mitochondrial [4Fe-4S] proteins; functions in a complex with Isa2p and possibly Iba57p; isa1 deletion causes loss of mitochondrial DNA and respiratory deficiency; depletion reduces growth on nonfermentable carbon sources; functional ortholog of bacterial A-type ISC proteins; human ISCA1 can complement isa1 null mutant
Glutaredoxin-2, mitochondrial; Cytoplasmic glutaredoxin; thioltransferase, glutathione-dependent disulfide oxidoreductase involved in maintaining redox state of target proteins, also exhibits glutathione peroxidase activity, expression induced in response to stress; GRX2 has two in-frame start codons resulting in a shorter isoform that is retained in the cytosol and a longer form translocated to the mitochondrial matrix; GRX2 has a paralog, GRX1, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: ATCC 18824, Candida robusta, NRRL Y-12632, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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