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ATG10 protein (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - STRING interaction network
"ATG10" - Conserved E2-like conjugating enzyme in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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ATG10Conserved E2-like conjugating enzyme; mediates formation of the Atg12p-Atg5p conjugate, which is a critical step in autophagy; E2-like enzyme required for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), autophagy and nucleophagy. Acts as an E2-like enzyme that catalyzes the conjugation of ATG12 to ATG5. ATG12 conjugation to ATG5 is required for proper localization of ATG8 to the preautophagosomal structure (PAS). Likely serves as an ATG5- recognition molecule (167 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
ATG7
Autophagy-related protein and dual specificity member of the E1 family of ubiquitin-activating enzymes; mediates the conjugation of Atg12p with Atg5p and Atg8p with phosphatidylethanolamine, required steps in autophagosome formation; E1-like activating enzyme involved in the 2 ubiquitin- like systems required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Activates ATG12 for its conjugation with ATG5 and ATG8 for its conjugation with phosphatidylethanolamine. Both systems are needed for the ATG8 association to Cvt vesicles and autophagosomes membranes. Autophagy is essential f [...] (630 aa)
       
  0.999
ATG12
Conserved ubiquitin-like modifier involved in autophagy and the Cvt pathway; conjugated to Atg5p to form a complex involved in Atg8p lipidation; Atg12p-Atg5p also forms a complex with Atg16p that is required for autophagosome formation; Ubiquitin-like protein involved in cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), autophagy vesicles formation, mitophagy, and nucleophagy. Conjugation with ATG5 through a ubiquitin-like conjugating system involving also ATG7 as an E1-like activating enzyme and ATG10 as an E2-like conjugating enzyme, is essential for its function. The ATG12-ATG5 conjugate acts a [...] (186 aa)
       
 
  0.980
ATG5
Conserved protein involved in autophagy and the Cvt pathway; undergoes conjugation with Atg12p to form a complex involved in Atg8p lipidation; conjugated Atg12p also forms a complex with Atg16p that is essential for autophagosome formation; Involved in cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagic vesicle formation. Autophagy is essential for maintenance of amino acid levels and protein synthesis under nitrogen starvation. Required for selective autophagic degradation of the nucleus (nucleophagy). Also required for mitophagy, which eliminates defective or superfluous mitochondria [...] (294 aa)
         
  0.977
ATG16
Conserved protein that interacts with Atg12p-Atg5p conjugates to form Atg12p-Atg5p-Atg16p multimers, which localize to the pre-autophagosomal structure and are required for autophagy; Stabilizes the ATG5-ATG12 conjugate and mediates the formation of the 350 kDa complex, which is necessary for autophagy. The ATG5-ATG12/ATG16 complex is required for efficient promotion of ATG8-conjugation to phosphatidylethanolamine and ATG8 localization to the pre-autophagosomal structure (PAS). Recruites also ATG3 to the PAS. Involved in endoplasmic reticulum-specific autophagic process and is essentia [...] (150 aa)
       
 
  0.963
ATG3
E2-like enzyme involved in autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; plays a role in formation of Atg8p-phosphatidylethanolamine conjugates, which are involved in membrane dynamics during autophagy and Cvt; E2 conjugating enzyme required for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Required for selective autophagic degradation of the nucleus (nucleophagy) as well as for mitophagy which contributes to regulate mitochondrial quantity and quality by eliminating the mitochondria to a basal level to fulfill cellular energy requirements and preventing exc [...] (310 aa)
       
 
  0.950
ATG4
Conserved cysteine protease required for autophagy; cleaves Atg8p to a form required for autophagosome and Cvt vesicle generation; Cysteine protease required for the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy. Required for selective autophagic degradation of the nucleus (nucleophagy) as well as for mitophagy which contributes to regulate mitochondrial quantity and quality by eliminating the mitochondria to a basal level to fulfill cellular energy requirements and preventing excess ROS production. Cleaves the C-terminal amino acid of ATG8 to reveal a C-terminal glycine. ATG8 ubi [...] (494 aa)
       
 
  0.946
ATG14
Autophagy-specific subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase complex I (with Vps34/15/30p); Atg14p targets complex I to the phagophore assembly site (PAS); required for localizing additional ATG proteins to the PAS; homolog of human Barkor; Required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and autophagy as a part of the autophagy-specific VPS34 PI3-kinase complex I. This complex is essential to recruit the ATG8- phosphatidylinositol conjugate and the ATG12-ATG5 conjugate to the pre-autophagosomal structure. ATG14 mediates the specific binding of the VPS34 PI3-kinase complex I to the pre [...] (344 aa)
       
 
  0.911
ATG9
Transmembrane protein involved in forming Cvt and autophagic vesicles; cycles between the phagophore assembly site (PAS) and other cytosolic punctate structures, not found in autophagosomes; may be involved in membrane delivery to the PAS; Involved in autophagy and cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) vesicle formation. Plays a key role in the organization of the preautophagosomal structure/phagophore assembly site (PAS), the nucleating site for formation of the sequestering vesicle. Required for mitophagy. Cycles between the PAS and the cytoplasmic vesicle pool and may participate in [...] (997 aa)
       
 
  0.908
VPS30
Subunit of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 3-kinase complexes I and II; Complex I is essential in autophagy and Complex II is required for vacuolar protein sorting; ortholog of the higher eukaryotic gene Beclin 1; Required for cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt), autophagy, nucleophagy, and mitophagy, as a part of the autophagy- specific VPS34 PI3-kinase complex I. This complex is essential to recruit the ATG8-phosphatidylinositol conjugate and the ATG12-ATG5 conjugate to the pre-autophagosomal structure. Also involved in endosome-to-Golgi retrograde transport as part of the VPS34 PI3- [...] (557 aa)
       
 
  0.905
ATG1
Protein ser/thr kinase required for vesicle formation in autophagy and the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway; structurally required for phagophore assembly site formation; during autophagy forms a complex with Atg13p and Atg17p; Serine/threonine protein kinase involved in the cytoplasm to vacuole transport (Cvt) and found to be essential in autophagy, where it is required for the formation of autophagosomes. Involved in the clearance of protein aggregates which cannot be efficiently cleared by the proteasome. Required for selective autophagic degradation of the nucleus (nucl [...] (897 aa)
       
 
  0.905
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: Candida robusta, Pachytichospora, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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