STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
MSS11Transcription activator MSS11; Transcription factor; involved in regulation of invasive growth and starch degradation; controls the activation of FLO11 and STA2 in response to nutritional signals; forms a heterodimer with Flo8p that interacts with the Swi/Snf complex during transcriptional activation of FLO1, FLO11, and STA1 (758 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Transcriptional activator FLO8; Transcription factor; required for flocculation, diploid filamentous growth, and haploid invasive growth; forms a heterodimer with Mss1p that interacts with the Swi/Snf complex during transcriptional activation of FLO1, FLO11, and STA1; S. cerevisiae genome reference strain S288C contains an internal in-frame stop at codon 142, which in other strains encodes tryptophan
Protein STE12; Transcription factor that is activated by a MAPK signaling cascade; activates genes involved in mating or pseudohyphal/invasive growth pathways; cooperates with Tec1p transcription factor to regulate genes specific for invasive growth
Protein MSN1; Transcriptional activator; involved in regulation of invertase and glucoamylase expression, invasive growth and pseudohyphal differentiation, iron uptake, chromium accumulation, and response to osmotic stress; localizes to the nucleus; relative distribution to the nucleus increases upon DNA replication stress
Regulator of filamentous growth; interacts with FLO11 promoter and regulates FLO11 expression; binds to transcription factors Flo8p and Mss11p; green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fusion protein localizes to the nucleus; YDL233W is not an essential gene; Belongs to the MFG1 family
Flocculation protein FLO11; GPI-anchored cell surface glycoprotein (flocculin); required for pseudohyphal and invasive growth, flocculation, and biofilm formation; major determinant of colony morphology; transcription regulated by the MAPK pathway (Ste12p and Tec1p) and the cAMP pathway (Flo8p); required for formation of fibrous interconnections between cells of a wild strain; role in co-flocculation with other yeast species; cleaved and shed from cells, contributing to their surface properties; Belongs to the flocculin family. Highly divergent
Transcription factor targeting filamentation genes and Ty1 expression; Ste12p activation of most filamentation gene promoters depends on Tec1p and Tec1p transcriptional activity is dependent on its association with Ste12p; binds to TCS elements upstream of filamentation genes, which are regulated by Tec1p/Ste12p/Dig1p complex; competes with Dig2p for binding to Ste12p/Dig1p; positive regulator of chronological life span; TEA/ATTS DNA-binding domain family member; Belongs to the TEC1 family
Flocculation suppression protein; Transcriptional repressor and activator; involved in repression of flocculation-related genes, and activation of stress responsive genes; has direct role in INO1 transcriptional memory; negatively regulated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A subunit Tpk2p; premature stop codon (C1430T, Q477-stop) in SK1 background is linked to the aggressively invasive phenotype of SK1 relative to BY4741 (S288C)
Lectin-like protein involved in flocculation; cell wall protein that binds mannose chains on the surface of other cells, confers floc-forming ability that is chymotrypsin sensitive and heat resistant; important for co-flocculation with other yeasts, mediating interaction with specific species; FLO1 has a paralog, FLO5, that arose from a segmental duplication; Belongs to the flocculin family
Putative transcription factor PHD1; Transcriptional activator that enhances pseudohyphal growth; physically interacts with the Tup1-Cyc8 complex and recruits Tup1p to its targets; regulates expression of FLO11, an adhesin required for pseudohyphal filament formation; similar to StuA, an A. nidulans developmental regulator; potential Cdc28p substrate; PHD1 has a paralog, SOK2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Flocculation protein FLO10; Member of the FLO family of cell wall flocculation proteins; not expressed in most lab strains; overproduction induces flocculation that can be inhibited by mannose, sucrose, or glucose; overproduction also promotes haploid invasive growth and diploid filamentous growth
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: ATCC 18824, Candida robusta, NRRL Y-12632, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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