STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
TAT2Aromatic amino acid transmembrane transporter tat2; High affinity tryptophan and tyrosine permease; overexpression confers FK506 and FTY720 resistance (592 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Nucleobase:cation symporter-1, ncs1 family; Uracil permease; Plasma membrane localized uracil permease; expression is tightly regulated by uracil levels and environmental cues; conformational alterations induced by unfolding or substrate binding result in Rsp5p-mediated ubiquitination and degradation
Phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase; catalyzes the third step in tryptophan biosynthesis; in 2004, the sequence of TRP1 from strain S228C was updated by changing the previously annotated internal STOP (TAA) to serine (TCA); enhances vegetative growth at low and high temperatures when used as an auxotrophic marker in strains such as W303
Ubiquitin ligase-binding protein BUL1; Ubiquitin-binding component of the Rsp5p E3-ubiquitin ligase complex; disruption causes temperature-sensitive growth, overexpression causes missorting of amino acid permeases; BUL1 has a paralog, BUL2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Nitrogen permease reactivator protein; Protein kinase; stabilizes several plasma membrane amino acid transporters by antagonizing their ubiquitin-mediated degradation; phosphorylates Aly2p; negatively regulates Ldb19p-mediated endocytosis through phosphorylation of Ldb19p, which prevents its association with the plasma membrane; Npr1p activity is negatively regulated via phosphorylation by the TOR complex; NPR1 has a paralog, PRR2, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Plasma membrane P2-type H+-ATPase; pumps protons out of cell; major regulator of cytoplasmic pH and plasma membrane potential; long-lived protein asymmetrically distributed at plasma membrane between mother cells and buds; accumulates at high levels in mother cells during aging, buds emerge with very low levels of Pma1p, newborn cells have low levels of Pma1p; Hsp30p plays a role in Pma1p regulation; interactions with Std1p appear to propagate [GAR+]
NEDD4 family E3 ubiquitin ligase; regulates processes including: MVB sorting, the heat shock response, transcription, endocytosis and ribosome stability; ubiquitinates Sec23p, Sna3p, Ste4p, Nfi1p, Rpo21p and Sem1p; autoubiquitinates; deubiquitinated by Ubp2p; regulated by SUMO ligase Siz1p, in turn regulates Siz1p SUMO ligase activity; required for efficient Golgi-to-ER trafficking in COPI mutants; mutant tolerates aneuploidy; human homolog implicated in Liddle syndrome; Belongs to the RSP5/NEDD4 family
Vacuolar amino acid transporter 5; Putative transporter; member of a family of seven S. cerevisiae genes (AVT1-7) related to vesicular GABA-glycine transporters; AVT5 has a paralog, AVT6, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Alkylphosphocholine resistance protein LEM3; Membrane protein of the plasma membrane and ER; interacts specifically in vivo with the phospholipid translocase (flippase) Dnf1p; involved in translocation of phospholipids and alkylphosphocholine drugs across the plasma membrane; null mutant requires tryptophan due to mislocalization of tryptophan permease Tat2p
High affinity methionine permease; integral membrane protein with 13 putative membrane-spanning regions; also involved in cysteine uptake
Ubiquitin ligase-binding protein BUL2; Component of the Rsp5p E3-ubiquitin ligase complex; involved in intracellular amino acid permease sorting, functions in heat shock element mediated gene expression, essential for growth in stress conditions; BUL2 has a paralog, BUL1, that arose from the whole genome duplication; Belongs to the BUL1 family
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: ATCC 18824, Candida robusta, NRRL Y-12632, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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