STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
PRM4Pheromone-regulated protein proposed to be involved in mating; predicted to have 1 transmembrane segment; transcriptionally regulated by Ste12p during mating and by Cat8p during the diauxic shift (284 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Uncharacterized membrane protein YJR124C; Putative protein of unknown function; expression induced under calcium shortage
Pheromone-regulated protein; contains with 2 predicted transmembrane segments and an FF sequence, a motif involved in COPII binding; forms a complex with Prp9p in the ER; member of DUP240 gene family; PRM8 has a paralog, PRM9, that arose from a segmental duplication
Putative protein of unknown function; localizes to endoplasmic reticulum and cytoplasm; predicted to encode a membrane transporter based on phylogenetic analysis; not an essential gene; YJR015W has a paralog, SNG1, that arose from the whole genome duplication; To yeast SNG1
Putative membrane protein; member of the fungal lipid-translocating exporter (LTE) family of proteins; transcription is activated by paralogous transcription factors Yrm1p and Yrr1p along with genes involved in multidrug resistance; YLR046C has a paralog, RTA1, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Thiamine pathway transporter THI73; Putative plasma membrane permease; proposed to be involved in carboxylic acid uptake and repressed by thiamine; substrate of Dbf2p/Mob1p kinase; transcription is altered if mitochondrial dysfunction occurs
Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1; Nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase; mediates extracellular nucleotide phosphate hydrolysis along with Npp2p and Pho5p; activity and expression enhanced during conditions of phosphate starvation; involved in spore wall assembly; NPP1 has a paralog, NPP2, that arose from the whole genome duplication, and an npp1 npp2 double mutant exhibits reduced dityrosine fluorescence relative to the single mutants
Cytosolic and mitochondrial glutathione oxidoreductase; converts oxidized glutathione to reduced glutathione; cytosolic Glr1p is the main determinant of the glutathione redox state of the mitochondrial intermembrane space; mitochondrial Glr1p has a role in resistance to hyperoxia; protein abundance increases in response to DNA replication stress
Alcohol O-acetyltransferase 2; Alcohol acetyltransferase; may play a role in steroid detoxification; forms volatile esters during fermentation, which is important for brewing and winemaking
Pheromone-regulated protein, predicted to have 1 transmembrane segment; induced during cell integrity signaling; PRM5 has a paralog, YNL058C, that arose from the whole genome duplication
Mrna m6a methyltransferase non-catalytic subunit; Karyogamy protein KAR4; Transcription factor required for response to pheromones; also required during meiosis; exists in two forms, a slower-migrating form more abundant during vegetative growth and a faster-migrating form induced by pheromone
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: ATCC 18824, Candida robusta, NRRL Y-12632, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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