BEM4 protein (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - STRING interaction network
"BEM4" - Protein involved in establishment of cell polarity and bud emergence in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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BEM4Protein involved in establishment of cell polarity and bud emergence; interacts with the Rho1p small GTP-binding protein and with the Rho-type GTPase Cdc42p; involved in maintenance of proper telomere length; Probably acts as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for CDC42, RHO1, RHO2, and RHO4. Negative regulator of the pheromone- response pathway through the STE20 protein kinase. Involved in the control of polarized cell growth (633 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Small rho-like GTPase, essential for establishment and maintenance of cell polarity; mutants have defects in the organization of actin and septins; Involved in development of cell polarity during the cell division cycle, and essential for bud emergence. Affects signaling in the pheromone-response pathway through the STE20 protein kinase. Negatively regulated by the GTPase-activating proteins RGA1, BEM3, and BEM4 (191 aa)
GTP-binding protein of the rho subfamily of Ras-like proteins, involved in establishment of cell polarity; regulates protein kinase C (Pkc1p) and the cell wall synthesizing enzyme 1,3-beta-glucan synthase (Fks1p and Gsc2p); Acts as a central regulator in the cell wall integrity signaling pathway, which is regulated by the cell cycle and in response to various types of cell wall stress. Integrates signals from different cell surface sensors, and activates a set of effectors, regulating processes including beta-glucan synthesis at the site of wall remodeling, gene expression related to c [...] (209 aa)
Guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF or GDP-release factor) for Cdc42p; required for polarity establishment and maintenance, and mutants have morphological defects in bud formation and shmooing; Promotes the exchange of CDC42-bound GDP by GTP. Controls the polarity of calmodulin, and the calcium regulatory process of bud emergence. CDC24 may be involved in the initial selection and organization of the budding site (854 aa)
GDP/GTP exchange factor (GEF) for Rho1p and Rho2p; mutations are synthetically lethal with mutations in rom1, which also encodes a GEF; Stimulates the exchange of RHO1 GDP-bound form into GTP- bound form (1356 aa)
Protein serine/threonine kinase essential for cell wall remodeling during growth; localized to sites of polarized growth and the mother-daughter bud neck; homolog of the alpha, beta, and gamma isoforms of mammalian protein kinase C (PKC); Required for cell growth and for the G2->M transition of the cell division cycle. Mediates a protein kinase cascade; it activates BCK1 which itself activates MKK1/MKK2 (1151 aa)
Signal transducing MEK kinase involved in pheromone response and pseudohyphal/invasive growth pathways where it phosphorylates Ste7p, and the high osmolarity response pathway, via phosphorylation of Pbs2p; regulated by Ste20p and Ste50p; Serine/threonine protein kinase required for cell-type- specific transcription and signal transduction in yeast. It is thought that it phosphorylates the STE7 protein kinase which itself, phosphorylates the FUS3 and or KSS1 kinases (717 aa)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) involved in signal transduction pathways that control filamentous growth and pheromone response; the KSS1 gene is nonfunctional in S288C strains and functional in W303 strains; Together with closely related FUS3, KSS1 is the final kinase in the signal transduction cascade regulating activation/repression of the mating and filamentation pathways, induced by pheromone and nitrogen/carbon limitation, respectively. Phosphorylated KSS1 activates both pathways, whereas activated FUS3 activates the mating but suppresses the filamentation pathway. KSS1 a [...] (368 aa)
Transmembrane osmosensor involved in activation of the Cdc42p- and MAP kinase-dependent filamentous growth pathway and the high-osmolarity glycerol response pathway; phosphorylated by Hog1p; interacts with Pbs2p, Msb2p, Hkr1p, and Ste11p; Plasma membrane osmosensor that activates the high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) MAPK signaling pathway in response to high osmolarity. Detects changes in external osmolarity and activates PBS2 through the stimulation of STE11 and targets PBS2 to the plasma membrane. PBS2 activation leads to changes in glycerol production that helps to balance the intrace [...] (367 aa)
Component of the septin ring that is required for cytokinesis; septins are GTP-binding proteins that assemble into rod-like hetero-oligomers that can associate with other rods to form filaments; septin rings at the mother-bud neck act as scaffolds f /.../ruiting cell division factors and as barriers to prevent diffusion of specific proteins between mother and daughter cells; Septins are GTPases involved in cytokinesis that assemble early in the cell cycle as a patch at the incipient bud site and form a ring approximate 15 minutes before bud emergence, which transforms into an hour-glas [...] (415 aa)
Non-essential small GTPase of the Rho/Rac subfamily of Ras-like proteins, likely involved in protein kinase C (Pkc1p)-dependent signal transduction pathway that controls cell integrity; Negatively regulates a MAP kinase branch, downstream of SLT2, of the PKC1-mediated signal transduction pathway (331 aa)
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: Candida robusta, Pachytichospora, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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