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MF(ALPHA)1 protein (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) - STRING interaction network
"MF(ALPHA)1" - Mating pheromone alpha-factor, made by alpha cells in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
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Predicted Interactions
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textmining
co-expression
protein homology
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MF(ALPHA)1Mating pheromone alpha-factor, made by alpha cells; interacts with mating type a cells to induce cell cycle arrest and other responses leading to mating; also encoded by MF(ALPHA)2, although MF(ALPHA)1 produces most alpha-factor; The active factor is excreted into the culture medium by haploid cells of the alpha mating type and acts on cells of the opposite mating type (type A). It mediates the conjugation process between the two types by inhibiting the initiation of DNA synthesis in type a cells and synchronizing them with type alpha (165 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
STE3
Receptor for a factor pheromone, couples to MAP kinase cascade to mediate pheromone response; transcribed in alpha cells and required for mating by alpha cells, ligand bound receptors endocytosed and recycled to the plasma membrane; GPCR; Receptor for the peptide pheromone a factor (470 aa)
     
   
  0.995
STE2
Receptor for alpha-factor pheromone; seven transmembrane-domain GPCR that interacts with both pheromone and a heterotrimeric G protein to initiate the signaling response that leads to mating between haploid a and alpha cells; Receptor for the peptide pheromone alpha factor, the mating factor of yeast (431 aa)
       
  0.993
MF(ALPHA)2
Mating pheromone alpha-factor, made by alpha cells; interacts with mating type a cells to induce cell cycle arrest and other responses leading to mating; also encoded by MF(ALPHA)1, which is more highly expressed than MF(ALPHA)2; The active factor is excreted into the culture medium by haploid cells of the alpha mating type and acts on cells of the opposite mating type (type A). It mediates the conjugation process between the two types by inhibiting the initiation of DNA synthesis in type a cells and synchronizing them with type alpha (120 aa)
     
 
0.987
BAR1
Aspartyl protease secreted into the periplasmic space of mating type a cells, helps cells find mating partners, cleaves and inactivates alpha factor allowing cells to recover from alpha-factor-induced cell cycle arrest; This protein called "barrier activity" is excreted by yeast cells mating type a. It is probably a protease that cleaves alpha-factor and thus acts as an antagonist of this mating pheromone and establishes optimal pheromone concentration for conjugation (587 aa)
         
  0.977
HMLALPHA1
Silenced copy of ALPHA1 at HML, encoding a transcriptional coactivator involved in the regulation of mating-type alpha-specific gene expression; Mating type proteins are sequence specific DNA-binding proteins that act as master switches in yeast differentiation by controlling gene expression in a cell type-specific fashion. Silenced copy of ALPHA1 at HML (175 aa)
     
   
  0.950
SAG1
Alpha-agglutinin of alpha-cells, binds to Aga1p during agglutination, N-terminal half is homologous to the immunoglobulin superfamily and contains binding site for a-agglutinin, C-terminal half is highly glycosylated and contains GPI anchor; Cell surface glycoprotein promoting cell-cell contact to facilitate mating. Saccharomyces cerevisiae A and alpha cells express the complementary cell surface glycoproteins A-agglutinin and alpha-, respectively, which interact with one another to promote cellular aggregation during mating (650 aa)
     
   
  0.948
AFB1
Putative protein of unknown function; localizes to the cell wall; predicted to be a GPI-attached protein; upregulated by Mcm1p-Alpha1p transcription factor; partially overlaps the dubious ORF YLR041W; YLR040C is not essential (224 aa)
     
   
  0.930
URA3
Orotidine-5’-phosphate (OMP) decarboxylase, catalyzes the sixth enzymatic step in the de novo biosynthesis of pyrimidines, converting OMP into uridine monophosphate (UMP); converts 5-FOA into 5-fluorouracil, a toxic compound (267 aa)
           
  0.923
STE6
Plasma membrane ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter required for the export of a-factor, catalyzes ATP hydrolysis coupled to a-factor transport; contains 12 transmembrane domains and two ATP binding domains; expressed only in MATa cells; STE6 is required in yeast MATA cells for production of A-factor pheromone. STE6 is involved in the transport of the farnesyl-derivation of the A-factor pheromone (1290 aa)
           
  0.922
KEX2
Subtilisin-like protease (proprotein convertase), a calcium-dependent serine protease involved in the activation of proproteins of the secretory pathway; Processing of precursors of alpha-factors and killer toxin (814 aa)
           
  0.897
Your Current Organism:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
NCBI taxonomy Id: 4932
Other names: Candida robusta, Pachytichospora, S. cerevisiae, Saccharomyces, Saccharomyces capensis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces italicus, Saccharomyces oviformis, Saccharomyces uvarum var. melibiosus, lager beer yeast, yeast
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