STRING protein interaction network
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
a 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
protein homology
Your Input:
Gene Fusion
caiCPutative crotonobetaine/carnitine-CoA ligase; Catalyzes the transfer of CoA to carnitine, generating the initial carnitinyl-CoA needed for the CaiB reaction cycle. Also has activity toward crotonobetaine and gamma-butyrobetaine. Belongs to the ATP-dependent AMP-binding enzyme family. (517 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
Crotonobetainyl CoA:carnitine CoA transferase; Catalyzes the reversible transfer of the CoA moiety from gamma-butyrobetainyl-CoA to L-carnitine to generate L-carnitinyl-CoA and gamma-butyrobetaine. Is also able to catalyze the reversible transfer of the CoA moiety from gamma-butyrobetainyl-CoA or L- carnitinyl-CoA to crotonobetaine to generate crotonobetainyl-CoA. Belongs to the CoA-transferase III family. CaiB subfamily.
carnitinyl-CoA dehydratase; Catalyzes the reversible dehydration of L-carnitinyl-CoA to crotonobetainyl-CoA.
Crotonobetaine reductase subunit II, FAD-binding; Catalyzes the reduction of crotonobetainyl-CoA to gamma- butyrobetainyl-CoA. The electron donor could be the FixA/FixB complex.
Putative transporter; Catalyzes the exchange of L-carnitine for gamma-butyrobetaine and related betaines.
Stimulator of CaiD and CaiB enzyme activities; Overproduction of CaiE stimulates the activity of CaiB and CaiD; Belongs to the transferase hexapeptide repeat family.
Putative oxidoreductase; Could be part of an electron transfer system required for anaerobic carnitine reduction; Belongs to the ETF-QO/FixC family.
Anaerobic carnitine reduction putative electron transfer flavoprotein subunit; Required for anaerobic carnitine reduction. May bring reductant to CaiA; Belongs to the ETF beta-subunit/FixA family.
Protein FixB; Required for anaerobic carnitine reduction. May bring reductant to CaiA; Belongs to the ETF alpha-subunit/FixB family.
Enterobactin synthase multienzyme complex component, ATP-dependent; Activates the carboxylate group of L-serine via ATP-dependent PPi exchange reactions to the aminoacyladenylate, preparing that molecule for the final stages of enterobactin synthesis. Holo-EntF acts as the catalyst for the formation of the three amide and three ester bonds present in the cyclic (2,3-dihydroxybenzoyl)serine trimer enterobactin, using seryladenylate and acyl-holo-EntB (acylated with 2,3-dihydroxybenzoate by EntE).
Acyl carrier protein (ACP); Carrier of the growing fatty acid chain in fatty acid biosynthesis; Belongs to the acyl carrier protein (ACP) family.
Your Current Organism:
Escherichia coli K12
NCBI taxonomy Id: 511145
Other names: E. coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. K12 substr. MG1655, Escherichia coli str. MG1655, Escherichia coli strain MG1655
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