• Version:
  • 11.0 (preview - - version 10.5 still available here)
STRINGSTRING
SREBF2 protein (human) - STRING interaction network
"SREBF2" - Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2 in Homo sapiens
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
SREBF2Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 2; Transcriptional activator required for lipid homeostasis. Regulates transcription of the LDL receptor gene as well as the cholesterol and to a lesser degree the fatty acid synthesis pathway (By similarity). Binds the sterol regulatory element 1 (SRE-1) (5’-ATCACCCCAC-3’) found in the flanking region of the LDRL and HMG-CoA synthase genes; Basic helix-loop-helix proteins (1141 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
SCAP
Sterol regulatory element-binding protein cleavage-activating protein; Escort protein required for cholesterol as well as lipid homeostasis. Regulates export of the SCAP/SREBF complex from the ER upon low cholesterol. Formation of a ternary complex with INSIG at high sterol concentrations leads to masking of an ER-export signal in SCAP and retention of the complex in the ER. Low sterol concentrations trigger release of INSIG, a conformational change in the SSC domain of SCAP, unmasking of the ER export signal, recruitment into COPII-coated vesicles, transport to the Golgi complex, prot [...] (1279 aa)
     
  0.998
LDLR
Low-density lipoprotein receptor; Binds LDL, the major cholesterol-carrying lipoprotein of plasma, and transports it into cells by endocytosis. In order to be internalized, the receptor-ligand complexes must first cluster into clathrin-coated pits; Belongs to the LDLR family (860 aa)
     
  0.994
KPNB1
Importin subunit beta-1; Functions in nuclear protein import, either in association with an adapter protein, like an importin-alpha subunit, which binds to nuclear localization signals (NLS) in cargo substrates, or by acting as autonomous nuclear transport receptor. Acting autonomously, serves itself as NLS receptor. Docking of the importin/substrate complex to the nuclear pore complex (NPC) is mediated by KPNB1 through binding to nucleoporin FxFG repeats and the complex is subsequently translocated through the pore by an energy requiring, Ran-dependent mechanism. At the nucleoplasmic [...] (876 aa)
     
  0.987
INSIG1
Insulin-induced gene 1 protein; Mediates feedback control of cholesterol synthesis by controlling SCAP and HMGCR. Functions by blocking the processing of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs). Capable of retaining the SCAP-SREBF2 complex in the ER thus preventing it from escorting SREBPs to the Golgi. Initiates the sterol-mediated ubiquitin-mediated endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) of HMGCR via recruitment of the reductase to the ubiquitin ligase, AMFR/gp78. May play a role in growth and differentiation of tissues involved in metabolic control. May play [...] (277 aa)
     
  0.983
MBTPS2
Membrane-bound transcription factor site-2 protease; Intramembrane proteolysis of sterol-regulatory element- binding proteins (SREBPs) within the first transmembrane segment thereby releasing the N-terminal segment with a portion of the transmembrane segment attached. Site-2 cleavage comes after site-1 cleavage which takes place in the lumenal loop; Belongs to the peptidase M50A family (519 aa)
     
  0.979
HMGCS1
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase, cytoplasmic; This enzyme condenses acetyl-CoA with acetoacetyl-CoA to form HMG-CoA, which is the substrate for HMG-CoA reductase (520 aa)
     
 
  0.978
INSIG2
Insulin-induced gene 2 protein; Mediates feedback control of cholesterol synthesis by controlling SCAP and HMGCR. Functions by blocking the processing of sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs). Capable of retaining the SCAP-SREBF2 complex in the ER thus preventing it from escorting SREBPs to the Golgi. Seems to regulate the ubiquitin-mediated proteasomal degradation of HMGCR (225 aa)
     
  0.978
DHCR7
7-dehydrocholesterol reductase; Production of cholesterol by reduction of C7-C8 double bond of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC); Belongs to the ERG4/ERG24 family (475 aa)
     
 
  0.973
SQLE
Squalene monooxygenase; Catalyzes the first oxygenation step in sterol biosynthesis and is suggested to be one of the rate-limiting enzymes in this pathway; Belongs to the squalene monooxygenase family (574 aa)
     
 
  0.969
CYP51A1
Lanosterol 14-alpha demethylase; Catalyzes C14-demethylation of lanosterol; it transforms lanosterol into 4,4’-dimethyl cholesta-8,14,24-triene-3-beta-ol; Cytochrome P450 family 51 (509 aa)
     
 
  0.968
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, Homo sapiens, human, man
Server load: low (11%) [HD]