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APEX2 protein (human) - STRING interaction network
"APEX2" - DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase 2 in Homo sapiens
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Known Interactions
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experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
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textmining
co-expression
protein homology
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APEX2DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase 2; Function as a weak apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endodeoxyribonuclease in the DNA base excision repair (BER) pathway of DNA lesions induced by oxidative and alkylating agents. Initiates repair of AP sites in DNA by catalyzing hydrolytic incision of the phosphodiester backbone immediately adjacent to the damage, generating a single-strand break with 5’-deoxyribose phosphate and 3’-hydroxyl ends. Displays also double-stranded DNA 3’-5’ exonuclease, 3’-phosphodiesterase activities. Shows robust 3’-5’ exonuclease activity on 3’-recessed heteroduple [...] (518 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
APEX1
DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase; Multifunctional protein that plays a central role in the cellular response to oxidative stress. The two major activities of APEX1 in DNA repair and redox regulation of transcriptional factors. Functions as a apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endodeoxyribonuclease in the DNA base excision repair (BER) pathway of DNA lesions induced by oxidative and alkylating agents. Initiates repair of AP sites in DNA by catalyzing hydrolytic incision of the phosphodiester backbone immediately adjacent to the damage, generating a single-strand break with 5’-deoxyribo [...] (318 aa)
   
 
0.872
UNG
Uracil-DNA glycosylase; Excises uracil residues from the DNA which can arise as a result of misincorporation of dUMP residues by DNA polymerase or due to deamination of cytosine; Belongs to the uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG) superfamily. UNG family (313 aa)
   
 
  0.842
APTX
Aprataxin; DNA-binding protein involved in single-strand DNA break repair, double-strand DNA break repair and base excision repair. Resolves abortive DNA ligation intermediates formed either at base excision sites, or when DNA ligases attempt to repair non-ligatable breaks induced by reactive oxygen species. Catalyzes the release of adenylate groups covalently linked to 5’-phosphate termini, resulting in the production of 5’-phosphate termini that can be efficiently rejoined. Also able to hydrolyze adenosine 5’- monophosphoramidate (AMP-NH(2)) and diadenosine tetraphosphate (AppppA), b [...] (342 aa)
   
 
  0.835
TDP1
Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1; DNA repair enzyme that can remove a variety of covalent adducts from DNA through hydrolysis of a 3’-phosphodiester bond, giving rise to DNA with a free 3’ phosphate. Catalyzes the hydrolysis of dead-end complexes between DNA and the topoisomerase I active site tyrosine residue. Hydrolyzes 3’-phosphoglycolates on protruding 3’ ends on DNA double-strand breaks due to DNA damage by radiation and free radicals. Acts on blunt-ended double-strand DNA breaks and on single-stranded DNA. Has low 3’exonuclease activity and can remove a single nucleoside from the [...] (608 aa)
     
 
  0.834
OGG1
N-glycosylase/DNA lyase; DNA repair enzyme that incises DNA at 8-oxoG residues. Excises 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine and 2,6-diamino-4-hydroxy-5-N- methylformamidopyrimidine (FAPY) from damaged DNA. Has a beta- lyase activity that nicks DNA 3’ to the lesion; Belongs to the type-1 OGG1 family (424 aa)
   
 
  0.829
NTHL1
Endonuclease III-like protein 1; Bifunctional DNA N-glycosylase with associated apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) lyase function that catalyzes the first step in base excision repair (BER), the primary repair pathway for the repair of oxidative DNA damage. The DNA N-glycosylase activity releases the damaged DNA base from DNA by cleaving the N- glycosidic bond, leaving an AP site. The AP-lyase activity cleaves the phosphodiester bond 3’ to the AP site by a beta-elimination. Primarily recognizes and repairs oxidative base damage of pyrimidines. Has also 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (8-oxoG) DNA gly [...] (312 aa)
   
 
  0.828
FEN1
Flap endonuclease 1; Structure-specific nuclease with 5’-flap endonuclease and 5’-3’ exonuclease activities involved in DNA replication and repair. During DNA replication, cleaves the 5’-overhanging flap structure that is generated by displacement synthesis when DNA polymerase encounters the 5’-end of a downstream Okazaki fragment. It enters the flap from the 5’-end and then tracks to cleave the flap base, leaving a nick for ligation. Also involved in the long patch base excision repair (LP-BER) pathway, by cleaving within the apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site-terminated flap. Acts as a [...] (380 aa)
     
   
  0.786
LIG1
DNA ligase 1; DNA ligase that seals nicks in double-stranded DNA during DNA replication, DNA recombination and DNA repair; Belongs to the ATP-dependent DNA ligase family (919 aa)
   
   
  0.760
PNKP
Bifunctional polynucleotide phosphatase/kinase; Plays a key role in the repair of DNA damage, functioning as part of both the non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) and base excision repair (BER) pathways. Through its two catalytic activities, PNK ensures that DNA termini are compatible with extension and ligation by either removing 3’-phosphates from, or by phosphorylating 5’-hydroxyl groups on, the ribose sugar of the DNA backbone; HAD Asp-based non-protein phosphatases (521 aa)
   
 
  0.749
TOP3A
DNA topoisomerase 3-alpha; Releases the supercoiling and torsional tension of DNA introduced during the DNA replication and transcription by transiently cleaving and rejoining one strand of the DNA duplex. Introduces a single-strand break via transesterification at a target site in duplex DNA. The scissile phosphodiester is attacked by the catalytic tyrosine of the enzyme, resulting in the formation of a DNA-(5’-phosphotyrosyl)-enzyme intermediate and the expulsion of a 3’-OH DNA strand. The free DNA strand then undergoes passage around the unbroken strand thus removing DNA supercoils. [...] (1001 aa)
     
   
  0.745
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, Homo sapiens, human, man
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