STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
a 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
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[Homology]
Score
MTHFRMethylenetetrahydrofolate reductase; Catalyzes the conversion of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate to 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, a co-substrate for homocysteine remethylation to methionine. (697 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
MTR
Methionine synthase; Catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from methyl- cobalamin to homocysteine, yielding enzyme-bound cob(I)alamin and methionine. Subsequently, remethylates the cofactor using methyltetrahydrofolate (By similarity); Belongs to the vitamin-B12 dependent methionine synthase family.
  
 
 0.999
SHMT1
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase, cytosolic; Interconversion of serine and glycine.
  
 
 0.998
SHMT2
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase, mitochondrial; Catalyzes the cleavage of serine to glycine accompanied with the production of 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate, an essential intermediate for purine biosynthesis. Serine provides the major source of folate one-carbon in cells by catalyzing the transfer of one carbon from serine to tetrahydrofolate. Contributes to the de novo mitochondrial thymidylate biosynthesis pathway via its role in glycine and tetrahydrofolate metabolism: thymidylate biosynthesis is required to prevent uracil accumulation in mtDNA. Also required for mitochondrial tran [...]
  
 
 0.996
MTHFD1
C-1-tetrahydrofolate synthase, cytoplasmic, N-terminally processed; Methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase, cyclohydrolase and formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase 1; In the N-terminal section; belongs to the tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase/cyclohydrolase family.
  
 
 0.996
CTH
Cystathionine gamma-lyase; Catalyzes the last step in the trans-sulfuration pathway from methionine to cysteine. Has broad substrate specificity. Converts cystathionine to cysteine, ammonia and 2-oxobutanoate. Converts two cysteine molecules to lanthionine and hydrogen sulfide. Can also accept homocysteine as substrate. Specificity depends on the levels of the endogenous substrates. Generates the endogenous signaling molecule hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and so contributes to the regulation of blood pressure. Acts as a cysteine-protein sulfhydrase by mediating sulfhydration of target protei [...]
  
 0.994
MTHFD2
Bifunctional methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase/cyclohydrolase, mitochondrial; Although its dehydrogenase activity is NAD-specific, it can also utilize NADP at a reduced efficiency. Belongs to the tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase/cyclohydrolase family.
    
 0.993
TYMS
Thymidylate synthase; Contributes to the de novo mitochondrial thymidylate biosynthesis pathway.
    
 0.991
MTHFD2L
Probable bifunctional methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase/cyclohydrolase 2; Methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 2 like.
    
 0.991
AMT
Aminomethyltransferase, mitochondrial; The glycine cleavage system catalyzes the degradation of glycine; Belongs to the GcvT family.
  
 
 0.982
MTRR
Methionine synthase reductase; Involved in the reductive regeneration of cob(I)alamin (vitamin B12) cofactor required for the maintenance of methionine synthase in a functional state. Necessary for utilization of methylgroups from the folate cycle, thereby affecting transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. Folate pathway donates methyl groups necessary for cellular methylation and affects different pathways such as DNA methylation, possibly explaining the transgenerational epigenetic inheritance effects.
  
 
 0.981
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, human, man
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