STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
PNPLA1Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 1; Lipid hydrolase. Important in the formation of the epidermal lipid barrier. Plays a role in glycerophospholipid metabolism; Patatin like phospholipase domain containing (532 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
ABHD5
1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase ABHD5; Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase which functions in phosphatidic acid biosynthesis. May regulate the cellular storage of triacylglycerol through activation of the phospholipase PNPLA2. Involved in keratinocyte differentiation. Regulates lipid droplet fusion (By similarity); Abhydrolase domain containing
   
 
 0.917
NIPAL4
Magnesium transporter NIPA4; Acts as a Mg(2+) transporter. Can also transport other divalent cations such as Ba(2+), Mn(2+), Sr(2+) and Co(2+) but to a much less extent than Mg(2+) (By similarity). May be a receptor for ligands (trioxilins A3 and B3) from the hepoxilin pathway
   
  
 0.846
CYP4F22
Cytochrome P450 family 4 subfamily F member 22
      
 0.825
ALOXE3
Hydroperoxide isomerase ALOXE3; Non-heme iron-containing lipoxygenase which is atypical in that it displays a prominent hydroperoxide isomerase activity and a reduced dioxygenase activity compared to other lipoxygenases. The hydroperoxide isomerase activity catalyzes the isomerization of hydroperoxides, derived from arachidonic and linoleic acid by ALOX12B, into hepoxilin-type epoxyalcohols. The dioxygenase activity requires a step of activation of the enzyme by molecular oxygen. In presence of oxygen, oxygenates polyunsaturated fatty acids, including arachidonic acid, to produce fatty [...]
      
 0.816
CERS3
Ceramide synthase 3; Has (dihydro)ceramide synthesis activity with relatively broad substrate specificity, but a preference for C18:0 and other middle- to long-chain fatty acyl-CoAs (By similarity). It is crucial for the synthesis of very long-chain ceramides in the epidermis, to maintain epidermal lipid homeostasis and terminal differentiation; CERS class homeoboxes
   
  
 0.793
LIPN
Lipase member N; Plays a highly specific role in the last step of keratinocyte differentiation. May have an essential function in lipid metabolism of the most differentiated epidermal layers; Lipases
   
 
 0.787
ALOX12B
Arachidonate 12-lipoxygenase, 12R-type; Non-heme iron-containing dioxygenase that catalyzes the stereo-specific peroxidation of free and esterified polyunsaturated fatty acids generating a spectrum of bioactive lipid mediators. Mainly converts arachidonic acid to (12R)- hydroperoxyeicosatetraenoic acid/(12R)-HPETE and minor stereoisomers. In the skin, acts upstream of ALOXE3 on the lineolate moiety of esterified omega-hydroxyacyl-sphingosine (EOS) ceramides to produce an epoxy-ketone derivative, a crucial step in the conjugation of omega-hydroxyceramide to membrane proteins. Therefore [...]
   
  
 0.763
ABCA12
ATP-binding cassette sub-family A member 12; Probable transporter involved in lipid homeostasis; Belongs to the ABC transporter superfamily. ABCA family
   
  
 0.747
TGM1
Protein-glutamine gamma-glutamyltransferase K; Catalyzes the cross-linking of proteins and the conjugation of polyamines to proteins. Responsible for cross- linking epidermal proteins during formation of the stratum corneum. Involved in cell proliferation; Belongs to the transglutaminase superfamily. Transglutaminase family
   
  
 0.703
TXNDC9
Thioredoxin domain-containing protein 9; Significantly diminishes the chaperonin TCP1 complex ATPase activity, thus negatively impacts protein folding, including that of actin or tubulin
   
   0.688
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, human, man
Server load: low (4%) [HD]