STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
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Cooccurence
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[Homology]
Score
TULP3Tubby-related protein 3; Negative regulator of the Shh signaling transduction pathway: recruited to primary cilia via association with the IFT complex A (IFT-A) and is required for recruitment of G protein- coupled receptor GPR161 to cilia, a promoter of PKA-dependent basal repression machinery in Shh signaling. Binds to phosphorylated inositide (phosphoinositide) lipids. Both IFT- A- and phosphoinositide-binding properties are required to regulate ciliary G protein-coupled receptor trafficking. Not involved in ciliogenesis; Belongs to the TUB family (501 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
TTC21B
Tetratricopeptide repeat protein 21B; Component of the IFT complex A (IFT-A), a complex required for retrograde ciliary transport. Negatively modulates the SHH signal transduction (By similarity); Intraflagellar transport proteins
   
 0.944
GPR161
G-protein coupled receptor 161; Key negative regulator of Shh signaling, which promotes the processing of GLI3 into GLI3R during neural tube development. Recruited by TULP3 and the IFT-A complex to primary cilia and acts as a regulator of the PKA-dependent basal repression machinery in Shh signaling by increasing cAMP levels, leading to promote the PKA-dependent processing of GLI3 into GLI3R and repress the Shh signaling. In presence of SHH, it is removed from primary cilia and is internalized into recycling endosomes, preventing its activity and allowing activation of the Shh signalin [...]
     
 0.940
WDR35
WD repeat-containing protein 35; Component of the IFT complex A (IFT-A), a complex required for retrograde ciliary transport. Required for ciliogenesis. May promote CASP3 activation and TNF-stimulated apoptosis; Intraflagellar transport proteins
   
 0.935
IFT122
Intraflagellar transport protein 122 homolog; Required for cilia formation during neuronal patterning. Acts as a negative regulator of Shh signaling. Required to recruit TULP3 to primary cilia (By similarity); Intraflagellar transport proteins
   
 0.934
WDR19
WD repeat-containing protein 19; Component of the IFT complex A (IFT-A), a complex required for retrograde ciliary transport. Involved in cilia function and/or assembly (By similarity). Associates with the BBSome complex to mediate ciliary transport (By similarity); Intraflagellar transport proteins
   
 0.934
IFT140
Intraflagellar transport protein 140 homolog; Component of the IFT complex A (IFT-A), a complex required for retrograde ciliary transport. Plays a pivotal role in proper development and function of ciliated cells. Involved in ciliogenesis and cilia maintenance. May play a role in ciliary assembly. Required for the development and maintenance of the outer segments of rod and cone photoreceptor cells. Plays a role in maintenance and the delivery of opsin to the outer segment of photoreceptor cells (By similarity); Intraflagellar transport proteins
   
 0.930
IFT43
Intraflagellar transport proteins
    
 
 0.784
ANKRD54
Ankyrin repeat domain-containing protein 54; Plays an important role in regulating intracellular signaling events associated with erythroid terminal differentiation; Ankyrin repeat domain containing
    
   0.739
GNAQ
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(q) subunit alpha; Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems. Regulates B-cell selection and survival and is required to prevent B-cell-dependent autoimmunity. Regulates chemotaxis of BM-derived neutrophils and dendritic cells (in vitro) (By similarity); Belongs to the G-alpha family. G(q) subfamily
   
 
 0.736
RAB23
Ras-related protein Rab-23; The small GTPases Rab are key regulators of intracellular membrane trafficking, from the formation of transport vesicles to their fusion with membranes. Rabs cycle between an inactive GDP-bound form and an active GTP-bound form that is able to recruit to membranes different set of downstream effectors directly responsible for vesicle formation, movement, tethering and fusion. Together with SUFU, prevents nuclear import of GLI1, and thereby inhibits GLI1 transcription factor activity. Regulates GLI1 in differentiating chondrocytes. Likewise, regulates GLI3 pr [...]
   
  
 0.726
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, human, man
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