STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
a 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding to each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurrence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
LPOLactoperoxidase; Antimicrobial agent which utilizes hydrogen peroxide and thiocyanate (SCN) to generate the antimicrobial substance hypothiocyanous acid (HOSCN). May protect the udder from infection and promote growth in newborn calves. Inhibits growth of the following bacterial species: E.coli, K.pneumoniae, P.aeruginosa, S.sonnei, S.saphrophyticus, S.epidermidis, and S.dysenteriae. Belongs to the peroxidase family. XPO subfamily. (731 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
LALBA
Alpha-lactalbumin; Regulatory subunit of lactose synthase, changes the substrate specificity of galactosyltransferase in the mammary gland making glucose a good acceptor substrate for this enzyme. This enables LS to synthesize lactose, the major carbohydrate component of milk. In other tissues, galactosyltransferase transfers galactose onto the N- acetylglucosamine of the oligosaccharide chains in glycoproteins; Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 22 family.
   
  
 0.972
LTF
Lactotransferrin; Transferrins are iron binding transport proteins which can bind two Fe(3+) ions in association with the binding of an anion, usually bicarbonate. Lactoferricin B is an antimicrobial peptide. Inhibits the growth of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.
   
 
 0.970
PAEP
Beta-lactoglobulin; Primary component of whey, it binds retinol and is probably involved in the transport of that molecule; Belongs to the calycin superfamily. Lipocalin family.
   
  
 0.908
ALB
Serum albumin; Serum albumin, the main protein of plasma, has a good binding capacity for water, Ca(2+), Na(+), K(+), fatty acids, hormones, bilirubin and drugs. Its main function is the regulation of the colloidal osmotic pressure of blood. Major zinc transporter in plasma, typically binds about 80% of all plasma zinc (By similarity). Major calcium and magnesium transporter in plasma, binds approximately 45% of circulating calcium and magnesium in plasma (Probable). Potentially has more than two calcium-binding sites and might additionally bind calcium in a non-specific manner. The sh [...]
   
  
 0.809
CSN3
Casoplatelin; Kappa-casein stabilizes micelle formation, preventing casein precipitation in milk. Casoplatelin inhibits platelet aggregation; Belongs to the kappa-casein family.
   
  
 0.749
CSN2
Antioxidant peptide; Important role in determination of the surface properties of the casein micelles. Casohypotensin acts as a bradykinin-potentiating peptide. Induces hypotension in rats. Acts as a strong competitive inhibitor of endo-oligopeptidase A.
   
  
 0.708
PIGR
Polymeric immunoglobulin receptor; This receptor binds polymeric IgA and IgM at the basolateral surface of epithelial cells. The complex is then transported across the cell to be secreted at the apical surface. During this process a cleavage occurs that separates the extracellular (known as the secretory component) from the transmembrane segment.
   
  
 0.684
CSN1S2
Alpha-S2-casein; Important role in the capacity of milk to transport calcium phosphate; Belongs to the alpha-casein family.
   
  
 0.681
CSN1S1
Antioxidant peptide; Important role in the capacity of milk to transport calcium phosphate; Belongs to the alpha-casein family.
   
  
 0.678
CYM
Chymosin; Chymosin is synthesized in the mucosa of the abomasum (fourth stomach) of young (unweaned) ruminants. The enzyme hydrolyzes casein to paracasein; Belongs to the peptidase A1 family.
   
  
 0.671
Your Current Organism:
Bos taurus
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9913
Other names: B. taurus, Bos bovis, Bos primigenius taurus, Bovidae sp. Adi Nefas, bovine, cattle, cow, dairy cow, domestic cattle, domestic cow
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