STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
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[Homology]
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GLSGlutaminase kidney isoform, mitochondrial; Catalyzes the first reaction in the primary pathway for the renal catabolism of glutamine. Plays a role in maintaining acid-base homeostasis. Regulates the levels of the neurotransmitter glutamate in the brain. Isoform 2 lacks catalytic activity; Ankyrin repeat domain containing (669 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
GLUL
Glutamine synthetase; This enzyme has 2 functions: it catalyzes the production of glutamine and 4-aminobutanoate (gamma-aminobutyric acid, GABA), the latter in a pyridoxal phosphate-independent manner (By similarity). Essential for proliferation of fetal skin fibroblasts; Belongs to the glutamine synthetase family
    
 0.972
GLUD1
Glutamate dehydrogenase 1, mitochondrial; Mitochondrial glutamate dehydrogenase that converts L- glutamate into alpha-ketoglutarate. Plays a key role in glutamine anaplerosis by producing alpha-ketoglutarate, an important intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. May be involved in learning and memory reactions by increasing the turnover of the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate (By similarity); Belongs to the Glu/Leu/Phe/Val dehydrogenases family
     
 0.959
CAD
CAD protein; This protein is a "fusion" protein encoding four enzymatic activities of the pyrimidine pathway (GATase, CPSase, ATCase and DHOase); In the central section; belongs to the metallo- dependent hydrolases superfamily. DHOase family. CAD subfamily
   
 
 0.951
GGT1
Glutathione hydrolase 1 proenzyme; Cleaves the gamma-glutamyl bond of extracellular glutathione (gamma-Glu-Cys-Gly), glutathione conjugates, and other gamma-glutamyl compounds. The metabolism of glutathione releases free glutamate and the dipeptide cysteinyl-glycine, which is hydrolyzed to cysteine and glycine by dipeptidases. In the presence of high concentrations of dipeptides and some amino acids, can also catalyze a transpeptidation reaction, transferring the gamma-glutamyl moiety to an acceptor amino acid to form a new gamma-glutamyl compound. Initiates extracellular glutathione ( [...]
     
 0.943
GAD1
Glutamate decarboxylase 1; Catalyzes the production of GABA; Belongs to the group II decarboxylase family
  
 
 0.938
GAD2
Glutamate decarboxylase 2; Catalyzes the production of GABA
  
 
 0.934
GLUD2
Glutamate dehydrogenase 2, mitochondrial; Important for recycling the chief excitatory neurotransmitter, glutamate, during neurotransmission; Belongs to the Glu/Leu/Phe/Val dehydrogenases family
     
 0.933
ALDH4A1
Delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase, mitochondrial; Irreversible conversion of delta-1-pyrroline-5- carboxylate (P5C), derived either from proline or ornithine, to glutamate. This is a necessary step in the pathway interconnecting the urea and tricarboxylic acid cycles. The preferred substrate is glutamic gamma-semialdehyde, other substrates include succinic, glutaric and adipic semialdehydes
   
 
 0.927
GFPT1
Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 1; Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins. Regulates the circadian expression of clock genes ARNTL/BMAL1 and CRY1
    
 0.926
GFPT2
Glutamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [isomerizing] 2; Controls the flux of glucose into the hexosamine pathway. Most likely involved in regulating the availability of precursors for N- and O-linked glycosylation of proteins
    
 0.922
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, Homo sapiens, human, man
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