STRINGSTRING
STRING protein interaction network
Nodes:
Network nodes represent proteins
splice isoforms or post-translational modifications are collapsed, i.e. each node represents all the proteins produced by a single, protein-coding gene locus.
Node Color
colored nodes:
query proteins and first shell of interactors
white nodes:
second shell of interactors
Node Content
empty nodes:
proteins of unknown 3D structure
filled nodes:
some 3D structure is known or predicted
Edges:
Edges represent protein-protein associations
associations are meant to be specific and meaningful, i.e. proteins jointly contribute to a shared function; this does not necessarily mean they are physically binding each other.
Known Interactions
from curated databases
experimentally determined
Predicted Interactions
gene neighborhood
gene fusions
gene co-occurrence
Others
textmining
co-expression
protein homology
Your Input:
Neighborhood
Gene Fusion
Cooccurence
Coexpression
Experiments
Databases
Textmining
[Homology]
Score
PLA2G4DCytosolic phospholipase A2 delta; Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position. May have a substrate specificity for linoleic acid at the sn-2 position; C2 domain containing phospholipases (818 aa)    
Predicted Functional Partners:
PLA2G5
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2; PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2- acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. This isozyme hydrolyzes more efficiently L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine than L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine, L- alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylethanolamine, or L- alpha-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol. May be involved in the production of lung surfactant, the remodeling or regulation of cardiac muscle
      
 0.905
GNAQ
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(q) subunit alpha; Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) are involved as modulators or transducers in various transmembrane signaling systems. Regulates B-cell selection and survival and is required to prevent B-cell-dependent autoimmunity. Regulates chemotaxis of BM-derived neutrophils and dendritic cells (in vitro) (By similarity); Belongs to the G-alpha family. G(q) subfamily
   
 0.834
GNAS
Guanine nucleotide-binding protein G(s) subunit alpha isoforms XLas; Guanine nucleotide-binding proteins (G proteins) function as transducers in numerous signaling pathways controlled by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Signaling involves the activation of adenylyl cyclases, resulting in increased levels of the signaling molecule cAMP. GNAS functions downstream of several GPCRs, including beta-adrenergic receptors. XLas isoforms interact with the same set of receptors as GNAS isoforms (By similarity)
   
 0.830
PLD1
Phospholipase D1; Implicated as a critical step in numerous cellular pathways, including signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and the regulation of mitosis. May be involved in the regulation of perinuclear intravesicular membrane traffic (By similarity); Phospholipases
     
 0.762
PLD2
Phospholipase D2; May have a role in signal-induced cytoskeletal regulation and/or endocytosis; Phospholipases
     
 0.756
PNPLA6
Neuropathy target esterase; Phospholipase B that deacylates intracellular phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), generating glycerophosphocholine (GroPtdCho). This deacylation occurs at both sn-2 and sn-1 positions of PtdCho. Its specific chemical modification by certain organophosphorus (OP) compounds leads to distal axonopathy; Patatin like phospholipase domain containing
     
 0.749
PLA2G7
Platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase; Modulates the action of platelet-activating factor (PAF) by hydrolyzing the sn-2 ester bond to yield the biologically inactive lyso-PAF. Has a specificity for substrates with a short residue at the sn-2 position. It is inactive against long-chain phospholipids; Phospholipases
     
 0.707
PNPLA7
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 7; Serine hydrolase, whose specific chemical modification by certain organophosphorus (OP) compounds leads to distal axonopathy; Patatin like phospholipase domain containing
     
 0.695
PLA2G16
HRAS-like suppressor 3; Lipid-modifying enzyme that acts as major regulator of adipocyte lipolysis by catalyzing the release of fatty acids from phospholipids in adipose tissue. Shows phospholipase A1 and A2 activity, catalyzing the calcium- independent hydrolysis of acyl groups in various phosphatidylcholines (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). For most substrates, phospholipase A1 activity is much higher than phospholipase A2 activity. Phospholipase activity causes decreased intracellular levels of ether-type lipids, affecting peroxisome metabolism (By similarity). May also have [...]
   
 
 0.691
PISD
Phosphatidylserine decarboxylase proenzyme, mitochondrial; Catalyzes the formation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn) from phosphatidylserine (PtdSer). Plays a central role in phospholipid metabolism and in the interorganelle trafficking of phosphatidylserine; Belongs to the phosphatidylserine decarboxylase family. PSD-B subfamily. Eukaryotic type I sub-subfamily
   
 
 0.689
Your Current Organism:
Homo sapiens
NCBI taxonomy Id: 9606
Other names: H. sapiens, Homo sapiens, human, man
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